The Properties of the Transition Elements
They are typical metals and have the properties of;
- They are good conductors of heat and electricity
- They are dense
- They are strong
- They are shiny
- They are much less reactive than Group 1 metals
- They are denser, stronger and harder than Group one metals.
- They have much higher melting points (except for mercury)
- They often have more than one ion.
- Examples of this is Fe, Cu and Cr.
- Diffferent ions contain different coloured compounds.
Transition metals and their compounds ALL make good Catalysts.
A catalyst is something that speeds up the rate of reaction without being changed or used up.
- Iron is used to speed up Ammomia (in the Haber Process)
- Manganese oxide is good for decomposing hydrogen peroxide.
- Nickel is used for turning oils into fats