The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Treaty of Versailles

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Strengths of the Treaty of Versailles

  • The Treaty of Versailles brought peace to Europe and set up, an international organisation, the League of Nations, to preserve the peace.
  • In some ways it was lenient towards Germany which, unlike Austria-Hungary, remained one country with a population of 60 million compared to the 40 million of France.
  • Germany had imposed a much harsher treaty of Russia, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, in March 1918. Russia had lost nearly one-third of its land area.
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Weaknesses of the Treaty of Versailles

  • It left Germany with a number of grievances.
  • The Germans could not afford to make the reparations payments.
  • Britain and France fell out over German reparation payments.
  • The treaty punished Germany enough to want revenge but not enough to stop her from recovering and seeking revenge.
  • Wilson pinned too much faith on the League of Nations.
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