Venus: Aeneas' mother who gives him the shield.
Vulcan: the God who makes the shield. ''ignipotens'' firemaster, husband of Venus.
Laurentines: Latin tribe Aeneas will be calling up into battle
Turnus: betrothed Princess Lavinia before her father was advised by the Gods to give her to Aeneas.
Cytherea: a place where Venus was worshipped. (Venus is described as a Cytherean)
ocreae greaves (shin pads!)
The Characters.. and what they mean :)
Ascanius: Aeneas' forthcoming offspring
Penates: household Gods
Augustus Caesar also described as Octavian
Agrippa: Octavian's general who won the naval crown
Bactra: a central city in Asia
Sistrum: egyptian rattle used to worship Isis
Cleopatra: the Egyptian Queen
Antony: married to Cleopatra. An outrage because he is Roman
More Characters :) and Triple Triumph
Minerva: Goddess of Wisdom
Dread Goddesses: spirits of revenge
Discordia: represents the discord of civil war (discord: disagreement/strike
Bellona: sister of Mars following Discord with her blood stained whip.
Sabaens: people from Arabia
Iapyx: a west wind that will sweep Cleopatra back to Egypt
Why does Caesar have a 'triple triumph?(3)
Because he overcame Antony in Illyricum, Eqypt and won the battle of Actium
Phoebus: The God Apollo
Leleges and Carians: people from Asia Minor
R.Euphrates... in Asia Minor flowing slower.. now its under the control of Caesar
R.Araxes... in Armenia resents its bridge that the Romans have built metaphorically
R.Rhine... in N France with 2 mouths ''bicornis''
The rivers are personified.