The Munich Putsch

Some key points about the Munich Putsch and it's consequences.

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What was the Munich Putsch?

  • 8th Novermber 1923, Gustav von Kahr, leader of the State of Bovaria, addressed a gathering at a beer hall in Munich, present were police chiefs, army commanders and Nazis
  • Hitler arrived with the SA
  • He entered the hall, sealed off the building, fired a revolver into the air and declared "A national revolution"
  • Reluctantly, Kahr and General Lussow agreed to participate and support Hitler's uprising and 'march on Berlin'. They knew that the armed forces had been commanded to resist the Putsch.
  • Consequently, when the Nazis attempted to take Munich they had insufficient support and the Bavarian police easily crushed the Putsch
  • 14 Nazis were kiled and Hitler was arrested.
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What were the consequences of the Munich Putsch?

  • Gave Hitler publicity. Hitler's trial following his arrest (Feb/Mar 1924) showed him off as a superb orator. Hitler wore his iron cross to gain sympathy from the judges.
  • The press gave word for word reports of the trial and many were impressed by Hitler
  • Hitler was sent to prison at Landsberg where he wrote Mein Kampf. He was sentenced to 5 years in prison but was released in less than 10 months
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