The League Came From the Fourteen Points, KEY FACT
1. The Assembly- Each country had 1 vote. Could only recommend to council.
2. The Council- Met 3 times per year, or in emergency. 5 permanent members- Br, Fr, It, Jap, Ger (mem. 1926). Also had 4 temporary members.
3. Secretariat- Carried out the work of the league, like a civil service.
4. Commisions- E.g. Mandate, Refugees, World Health Organisation.
5. International Labour Organisation- (To improve working conditions)
6. Permanent Court Of International Justice
The League Came From the Fourteen Points, MAIN AIM
Four main aims-
- Stopping Aggression
- Encouraging Cooperation
- Improving living and working conditions
It was intended to Police the World
1. It began work in January 1920.
2. There were 42 members to start with, and 59 by the 1930's.
3. All the members followed a Covenant of 26 rules.
4. The Assembly met once a year, and the Council met more often. Every member country had a vote.
5. The League could warn countries in disputes, apply economic sanctions, then send troops in.
6. The League tried to improve social conditions, working on health, slavery, and refugees.
7. The Permanent International Court of Justice decided on border-disputes between different countries. Everyone hoped this would avoid another major war.
The League had some Early Successes
1. It resolved several difficult situations where countries argued over territorial claims- and did it without fighting.
2. It solved the dispute in 1921 between Germany and Poland over Upper Silesia; the dispute between Sweden and Finland over the Aaland Islands in 1921, and the conflict when Greece invaded Bulgaria in 1925. These successes gave it a good reputation.
3. It also did a lot of good work to help refugees after the War.
4. It worked to combat the spread of serious diseases such as leprosy, malaria, and plague- and inoculated against them.
5. It fought against slavery, and tried to create better working conditions for people all across the world.