- It was an agreement negotiate by many countries in December 1997
- The terms of the agreement required at least 55 parties and for the total of those parties emissions to be at least 55% of global production of greenhouse gases.
- It came into force with Russia's authorisation on February 16th 2005
- The parties agreed to cut emissions of:
- Sulphur hexafluoride
- Currently, there is 169 countries involved in the agreement
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- The goals were to see the participants collectively reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% below the emission levels of 1990 by 2010
- Individual countries were assigned higher or lower targets and some countries were permitted increases
- (e.g: The USA was expected to reduce emissions by 7%)
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Kyoto - Success of Failure?
- C02 levels are increasing and showing no signs of slowing as the population increases and many countries begin to develop and industrialise, so it was doomed to fail.
- Global temperatures are continuing to rise.
- Without the USA agreeing to the protocol developing countries such as China reducing emissions drastically the targets will not likely be met.
- The Kyoto Protocol should be viewed as a stepping stone to a new drastic action.Action which must be taken now.
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