the great cloning debate for and against cloning

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for cloning scientists

why clone sciences view 

medicine 

  • often mice are bred to have a disease causing mutation to see their effects. This wastes a lot of time as this has to be done over several generations 
  • however with cloning you can clone the mouse that has the mutation speeding up the process 

stem cells 

  • if you can replicate a person's own stem cells that are used for repair in the body you can create replacement organs out of a person's own cells preventing the need for a donor and the need to use immunosuppressants 
  • this can be used for diseases that affect the bone marrow 
  • this could also be used to study genetic diseases

dealing with endangered or extinct species 

  • if there is enough DNA it could be used to bring extinct species back to life some species they are looking at include mammoths, Neanderthals and Sabertooth tigers 
  • this can be used to help repopulate species that could become extinct and recent example is white rhinos there are  only five left cloning is being looked at to save this species
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for cloning scientists 2

reproducing a deceased pet 

  •  this has already been done in America a cat was cloned it is called carbon copy or cc it has recently had kittens

Cloning livestock

  • many male cattle are neutered shortly after birth, however, is the cattle has a desirable property such as meat production this can only be assessed after slaughter the DNA from the meat can be used to bring back the animal so it can be used for breeding 
  • can also be used for infertile hybrids such as ligers or mules 

drug production

  • you could place a vaccine or a gene that makes the milk more nutritious into a the DNA taken from a cow that produces a lot of milk and by cloning it it prevents the reshuffling that happens during reproduction ensure the cow produces milk containing the vaccine 
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against cloning science

genetic problems 

  • if the original animal has a genetic deficiency this can be carried over and could end up being expressed by the clone 
  • an example is doll the sheep the original sheep had arthritis this caused dolly to have arthritis as well 
  • so any deficiency or mutations can be passed onto the clone causeing early death of the clone 

no other major specifically scientific problems with cloning many are more to do with ethics 

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religious views for cloning

Islam 

  • while they believe that cloning embryos are highly immoral they believe that cloning a body part for medicine should be allowed 
  • if it is cloning a specific part of the body it is allowed and is actually recommended and rewarded by Allah 

Jewish views

  • while orthodox Jews don't like cloning and believe it is going against God  
  • their religion doesn't equate conception with life and can see the obvious potential good 
  • although some caution against it many see the obvious benefits it could have in society 
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religious views against cloning

Cristian views

  • they hold the belief that life begins from the moment of conception 
  • they hold the belief that all types of cloning are immoral 
  • they believe that no one has the right to play God 
  • he is the only Creator 

Islam

  • hold a more conservative view but say that under no circumstances can a human ever be cloned 

Jewish view   

  • orthodox Jews believe that it is wrong to clone 
  • many of those who have more lax views still advise against cloning and genetic modification 

Buddhist view 

  • we will eventually clone humans but at what point will we give a cloned human the same right as those who are naturally born 
  • the core of their belief is that clones go against the natural order of the world 
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Mp for cloning

cloning has many controversies mainly the view that we are playing God

  • British Parliament defined cloning saying that it provides essential tools needed for studying and curing disease 
  • There was also attempt to ban food made from anime clones British Parliament replied as so 

'The UK government said it believed a ban would be "disproportionate in terms of food safety and animal welfare" and that the welfare of all farmed animals, including clones and their descendants, was already protected by current welfare legislation'


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mp against cloning

many countries have banned the use of stem cell research from embryos 

while there are no major comments on the use of animals and many actually believe it is okay to attempt to clone parts of humans from their DNA 

using embryos for cloning or to create stem cells for cloning is outright banned and is seen as extremely unethical punishable by the law 

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laws for cloning

as far as any law official and laws see cloning they believe that cloning has to be carefully controlled 

in the few cases and I mean few human cloning is usually frowned on and there is an overwhelming belief that different methods should be used to create and clone stem cells

however many law and those that deal with endangered species are actually positive to attempt to clone these endangered spices giving them a chance to live 

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to summarize

cloning is a powerful tool 

it can be used to help test for and cure many diseases, but we must use it in the right way 

human cloning is currently seen as highly unethical and is likely to remain that way for a fair while 

more information needs to be shared in the process as many still see cloning as something that can only exist in science fiction

it can also be used to undo some of the massive mistakes we have made like bring back white rhinos from the cusp of extinction 

a serious look needs to be taken into what exactly the worldwide effect of cloning will be 

overall I believe that we will do many great things with cloning but we need to air on the side of caution whenever using it 

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