The Five Year Plans

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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 13-05-14 18:13

The Five Year Plans

  • Stalin wanted to modernise and industrialise Russia
  • Industry was under state control
  • Industry planned and developed by state
  • Decisions on where, how much and what would be produced
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Targets

  • Set targets on what should be met
  • Targets were very unrealistic, and could never be met
  • Emphasis too much on heavy industry, eg. Coal, Oil and Steel
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Results

  • Although products were very impressive they were very behind with the western world
  • Results did show a massive increase 
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Second Five Year Plan

  • Still emphisis on heavy industry
  • New commitments, eg communication like railway and new industry like chemical
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Third Year Plan

  • Emphisis on Weapon production because war was on the cards and they weren't ready for WW2
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Problems

  • Failure to reach targets had led to much criticism as well as humiliation
  • Workers couldn't cope under the pressure
  • More measures were introduced
  • Records had been kept on workers attendance, if poor were accused of:
  • sabotage of the FYP
  • if guilty were sent to work in the harshest areas of Russia, eg Siberia or Baltic Sea
  • Machinery had been hard to find let alone repair
  • Unskilled peasants were hired - had no knowledge of machinery
  • This led to:
  • Inflation figures on production
  • They focused on quantity on quality - products were poor
  • Managers were held accountable 
  • No one was allowed to critise the plan
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Other Problems

  • Some were  paid more than others (because of their effort in the workforce)
  • But this went against socialism and Stalin was acccused by the Left Wing of betrayal of socialism 
  • The gap between payments later increased 
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Impact on Society

  • Low wages
  • Dangerous working conditions
  • Long hours
  • Homes had only been built for the poor
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