The failure of Detente and the collapse of communism, 1970-1991

  • Detente
  • Afghanistan
  • Reagan
  • Solidarity
  • Gorbachev
  • Collapse of Eastern Europe
  • Collapse of the Soviet Union
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  • Created by: N
  • Created on: 31-03-11 17:50

Detente

Detente- A period of eased tension between the USA and the USSR in the cold war when the super powers tried to agree and co-operate.

Why the super powers wanted Detente:

  • Cost of the Cold war- weapons cost billions, they don't last for long + economic depression in the West
  • USSR & China relationship - both communist but they fell out - America take advantage and befriend both China and Russia
  • MAD - A fear of MAD (Mutually Atomic Destruction) People angry and panicky
  • Power - Nixon wanted to be re-elected, so he acts as a statesman and peace loving guy
  • 

Leaders involved - Leonid Brezhnev (1963- 1982), Richard Nixon (1969-1974), Jimmy Carter (1976-1981)  

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Collapse of Detente

What was Detente:

  • Economic Problems, 1970 - Economic depression
  • SALT 1 Treaty, 1972 - Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
  • Vietnam, 1972- Americans withdraw from Vietnam
  • Space shake 1975 - Americans & Soviets shake hands in space, July 1975
  • Helsinki 1975 - Borders from WW2 recognise + human rights respected August 1975
  • Bilbao 1976 - The biggest protest march
  • Carter 1977 - President Jimmy Carter criticises Soviet Union
  • New Weapons 1977-1979 - Soviet SS-20s vs US perishing 2s & Cruise
  • Collapse of SALT 2 1977-1979 - Salt signed and rejected by US congress
  • Iran 1979 - revelotion in Iran- Shah overthrown by Ayatollah Khomenini + a new Islamic Fundamentalist government.
  • Afghanistan 1979 - Soviets invade Afghanistan, December 1979
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