The Experience of Warfare In Britain Part 3

The Boer War Part

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  • Created by: CassieMcP
  • Created on: 17-01-10 19:48

Causes of the Boer War

Conflicting political ideology:

  • Boers want to stay independent
  • British 'want to unite control'

Tenstion between political leaders:

  • Rose- Worried about economic power Transval.
  • Kruger- President of Transval

The Uitlander Franchise:-

  • Voting rights
  • Causes train between Utalnder and Britain
  • Had to be in the country for 14 years, in order to reamin in control.
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Causes of the Boer War Part 2

The Jameson Raid:

  • Began 29th total failure and had no support
  • British colony that would join all the other colonies
  • Take advantage of the drif crisis and support armed uprisings.

The discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand:

  • South africa became the single gold producer
  • Prospectors streamed in.
  • Transval fear they're out number
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The Army of 1899

  • Very small
  • Server discipline
  • Poorly trained- outdated tactics.
  • Army wore Khaki and armed with morden Lee-Metford rifles.
  • Private soldiers drawn from poorest in societ, urban unemployee's
  • Poor pay
  • Reguarly Food (3 sqaure meals aday)
  • Officers still drawn from upper classes.
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Reporting the Boer War


  • Wounded soilders
  • Pitched battles.
  • Proud/ undeafted British soilders.
  • Glorifying.

Daily male:

  • National press, had wide appeal
  • Founded 1996
  • Simple, targeted masses.
  • Very patriotic
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Reporting the Boer War Part 2


  • Reads like a novel
  • War is on adventure.
  • Poetic
  • Detailed.

Public opinion:

  • Depressing
  • Demand for information.
  • Community spirit.


  • Realistic
  • Reads like a novel.
  • British victory.
  • Vague, lacking detail
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The Reforms Acts

Free school meals (1906)

The Childrens Act (1908)

  • Prosuctions for cruelity to children.
  • Social suffers essiantially.
  • All childrens home were regestered and investigated.
  • Children under 14 could not be sent to adult prisons.
  • Juvienile courts set up.
  • Borstals set up to deal with deliquent children.
  • Children under 14 not allowed in pubs.
  • Smoking was banned under 16.

School medical inspections (1907)

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The Reform Act Part 2

The Labour Exchanges Act (1909)

  • Unemployed workers got help finding jobs.

School clinics (1912)

  • Provide free medical treatment to children in eductation.

The National Insurance Act (1911)

  • All manual and people in white-collar jobs had to join.
  • Workers paid 4d for insurance stamps.
  • Employers contribut 3d for each worker in the scheme.
  • The Goverment contributed 2d for each worker in the scheme.
  • Illness- 10s a week for 13wks then 5s a week for further 13 wks in any one year.
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The Care of the wounded

  • Dysentry and Enetric played a heavy role.
  • Not much had improved since the Crimea.
  • 850 doctors accompanied
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Suplly and Transport

  • Was a huge effort.
  • Most of the Armys man power was put into guarding the railways and slow convoys.
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The impact of war

  • Improvment appeared inadequate
  • Officers were to old.
  • Expencive failure £210 millilon
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The Haldane Army Reforms 1902-1908

  • Group work allowed for increased control.
  • Allowed people to do there speacilist jobs.
  • Training for soliders and time listing so soilders were prepaied.
  • More camoflaged uniform- United them as one army.
  • Lower costs for uniform
  • Not alot of time in full warfare, Reserves
  • Terrorital force created as a sort of reserve army, could deploy on there own
  • New tatics created a fully functional force that was more professional.
  • Training places established for soliders e.g. Sailsbury plains.
  • Staff officers needed to be trained just as much as the soilders.
  • Realistic.
  • Started thinking ahead- State of emergency peperations.
  • No longer deffencive more enthisam on Attacking
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How did the war change attitudes to Empire and Imp

  • Stimulating patriotism
  • Civilising missions of the British Empire.
  • Baden Powell- Scouting movements
  • Brought the empire together to create a Imperial
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How did the war lead to critisms of the Empire?

  • Stimulated fierce critism of the Imperialsim
  • J.Hobson argued mal-distribution at home meant that domestic markets were under-consumption due excess savings being wated.
  • Forced to seek less dependable outlets (but cheaper) abroaed
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The Encourgagement of jingoism- the Khaki election

  • British political and historical
  • Liberal party
  • Exploting patrotic sentiment
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