The Experience of Warfare in Britain: Crimea, Boer & The 1WW

History, Option C, Topic C1

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  • Created by: CassieMcP
  • Created on: 16-01-10 18:20

The Crimean War and Mid Victorian Britain

  • · Unchanged Army
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Politics and institutions and the Army of 1854: pu

  • · Whigs and Tories’
  • · No training
  • · No control over staffing decisions
  • · Black-market
  • · Purchase needed replacing
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Fighting the Crimean War

  • · French, British and Turkey Vs Russia
  • · Not equipped for a long campaign
  • · Lacked supplies.
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Reporting the Crimean War: The first war correspon

  • · William Russel
  • · ‘Vulgar low Irish man’
  • · ‘The times'
  • · Contributed to the works of Florence Nightingale
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The use of photographs and their impact

  • · Still photos
  • · Believed photos more than words
  • · Focused on only good parts of the war
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The commissariat and its failings.

  • · Too many different departments.
  • · Disorganised and inefficient
  • · Terrible miss management everything went wrong
  • · Incompetent
  • · Transport had to be hired locally, to transport supplies.
  • · No forage available for pack animals, Ambulance had to be left at Varna.
  • · Sent no building materials, or food
  • · Right boots on boat, left boat on the other
  • · Ended 1854à replaced by land transport corpe
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Medical care: the horrors of Scutari

  • · Crammed conditions
  • · Hard floor only
  • · ‘Maggots by the handful’
  • · 6 weeks before wounds were looked at, if lucky.
  • · Lack of nurses, Utensils, Washing up equipment
  • · Comel was the only drug not in short supply
  • · Covered in Vermin.
  • · Only built for a 1000
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The work of Florence Nightingale, Mary Stanley, Se

  • · S.t Johns house institution for training nurses
  • · Established a little cleanliness.
  • · MS brought in more nurses
  • · MS was more important, been to the Crimea were as FN had refused.
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The reform of the commissariat and medical care fo

  • · Increased efficient as only one office was needed to get troops equipment
  • · Allowed soldiers to stay with friends and encouraged people to join because they would be able to stay at home.
  • · Stopped people thinking the service was too long and not signing up
  • · Rather than the richest leading it was the best officer.
  • · The commander in chief had to answer to the Secretary for War and, trough him, to parliament.
  • · Good qualities recruits ensuring the private soldiers life was better.
  • · More people signed up due to shorter time in activities duty.
  • · Experienced troops for rationalised emergency.
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Did the Paris peace talks end the disputes that st

  • Black sea was natural territory.
  • · Russia retained Sebastopol, Balaclava and all areas occupied by the Allies.
  • · (Positive for England) The River Danube was to be a waterway open to all shipping.
  • · Turkish sovereignty over the Danubian principalities was guaranteed à grouped into a new state Romania
  • · Sulan declared he would improve Christian life within the Ottoman empire
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Comments

Antonia

This has not got very much information on it and was not as useful as it could have been

joshleaver

really really bad

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