The end of Conservative Dominance 1962-64

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The Profumo Affair 1963

The minister of defense, John Profumo, was caught having an affair with a young girl Christine Keeler. 

Christine Keeler had been caught also having an affair with an alledged Russian spy. 

This led to the country and the government fearing that national defense was at risk, the media played on this hugely. 

In march, Profumo declared in parliament that the rumours were untrue, however 3 months later soon decalred they were true. 

It was found out that Profumo had first met Keeler at a brothel, run by Ward, it was soon found that many of the Conservative MP's were found on his books, and this led to the government looking scandolous. 

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Impact of Profumo affair

Macmillan had orignially believed Profumo and this showed that he was losing his political grip.

THe times had said that it made  Britain look bad and reflected personalities of Britain. 

It had showed the government as a joke and made them look foolish and out of touch within Britain. 

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Vassel affair 1963

John Vassal (civil servant) had been caught spying for the USSR. 

An offical investigation had been launched.

It was believed that some people within the government had tried to cover it up and help Vassal. 

The talk of cover up's made the government look weak and not in control. 

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Kim Philby

In January 1963, it had been found that Kim Philby who worked in the foreign office had been passing on information to the USSR for years. 

He had also been running a spy network. 

Philby had fled to Moscow to avoid arrest. 

Macmillan's government took the brunt of this, as it showed that security was not that good, as a traitor had been working for them for years. 

This damaged the 'special relationship' with USA as it some information involving the cold war had been leaked. 

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The Argyll Divorce case

The Duke of Argyll was sueing his wife on the grounds of adultery. 

He had given the public a list of 88 men who the dutchess had at some time had an affair with. 

2 of these men were unnamed government ministers.

The case was joked about on the radio, yet again showing the government as a joke and making Britain look bad. 

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Douglas-Home 1963-64

Macmillan admired Butler's abilities, however did not like him as a person and did not want him to become prime minister. 

The Peerage Act 1963, meant that Lord Home, could now become Sir Douglas-Home and could now sit in House of Commons instead of House of Lords. This meant the could now run for prime minister. 

Douglas-Home was Macmillan's foreign secetary.  

Macmillan had recommened to the queen that Douglas-Home become prime minister. 

There was some resentment from the party that Butler had been ignored for the third time. 

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