The cosmological argument

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Hume's Challenge to the Cosmological Argument

  • There is no reason or evidence based on observations that can establish whethere or not the universe was caused
  • It is a falllacy of composition because it assumes that just becaused each part of the universe is caused it does not mean that the universe as a whole was caused
  • Nothing can causes itself to exist and things cannot go back to infinity, if God is the cause of the universe, then what is the cause of God? If God is his own cause, then why cant the universe be its own cause? If God is eternal then why is it not possible for the universe to lack a begining?
  • Doesnt have to be an ultimate reason for the existence of things that can be understood.
  • Things in the universe are caused by things outside themselves, but is could also be that the sequence of causes has no particular begining;it simply  goes on endlessly, indefinitely, in what is called an infinite regress and there is no explanation for the existence of things
  • Even if it is possible to prove that the universe was caused, there would still be no evidence to prove that the cause is the God of classical theism
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Kant's challenge to the cosmological argument

  • As events occur during the day our mind reasons that time is passing as one event follows another, when in fact the events could have been in a chaotic order
  • We dont really know what time is or how it passes, we only know what our mind has told us
  • We know that we came into existence because we were conceived by our parents but that tells us nothing about what conception itself involves
  • Our mind has imposed the idea of causality on such experiences but not the reality of each experience
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