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True Family

  • (v31) "Then Jesus' mother and brothers arrived"
    • Jesus had an absolute duty to his family
  • (v32) "A crowd was sitting around Jesus"
    • He was preaching
  • (v33) "Jesus answereed, Who is my mother? Who are my brothers?"
    • Jesus is saying that he has a more important duty than his family
  • (v34) "Here are my mother and my brothers!"
    • Jesus unites all his followers in one family
  • (v35) "Whoever does what God wants is my brother, my sister, my mother"
    • He's not saying that Mary isn't his mother, but that his family is much bigger than the ones outside.
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Call of the First Disciples

  • You need to learn and follow Jesus, then preach like him.
    • Jesus mentions "Come with me, I'll teach you to become fishers of men."
  • A disciple must turn away from sin
    • Jesus says "Turn away from sin"
  • " " " be obdeient, devoted and tollay committed.
    • Jesus tells the fisher men to leave everything behind
  • Disciples must leave their lives and sacrifice everything
    • Levi and fishermen leave nets father and hired men
  • Pharisees were shocked that Jesus would eat with sinners.
  • Jesus calls people who are sinners so he can fix them
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True Greatness

  • (v33) "...arguing about on the road?"
    • desiring what Jesus doesn't wanr them to desire
  • (v34) "...themselves about who was the greatest"
    • desiring what Jesus doesn't wanr them to desire
  • (v35) "Whoever wants to be first must place himslef last of all and to be servent of all"
    • the disciples need to consider themselves as the least important person, everyone else comes first.
  • (v36) "Then he took a child and had him stand in front of them. He put his arms around him and said to them,"
    • children=no social status/importance. Disciples should serve without expecting a reward or an increase in social status.
  • (v37) "Whoever.....one who sent me"
    • By behaving as a servent they are doing God's will, and will be rewarded by god. 
    • Jesus is identifying himself as an outcast, someone of low status.
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Rich Young Man

  • (v19) "You know the commandments"
    • cost=keep the commandments
    • problem=not easy keeping commandments
  • (v21) "Go and sell all you have and give the money to the poor
    • cost=sell all you have and give to poor
    • problem=
      • people work to earn living, teaching seems unfair
      • provide for family
      • money is neccessary and people love miney
  • (v25) "It is much harder for a rich person to enter the Kingdom of God than for a camel to go through the eye of a needle.
    • cost=don't love money
    • problem= challenge-Jesus is saying the rich will not allow God to rule their lives money will
  • (v27) " This is impossible for human beings but not for God; everything is possible for God"
    • cost=Humans cannot be self reliant, they must put all their trust in God.
    • problem= ot is diificult to leave material possessions and  put all your trust in God.
  • (v28) "Look, we have left everything and followed you"
    • cost=Leave everything and follow Jesus
    • probelm= not practical or loving to leave everything people might depend on you
  • (v30) "-and persecutions"
    • cost= persecutions- all the Apsostles were put to death, many Christians were put to death.
    • problem=today some Christians are still persecuted especially in Africa and Pakistan
  • (v31) "But... last will be first"
    • cost=Disciple must place themselves last of all and some others.
    • problem=In society todya people are taught to bw the best and to put their needs first.
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The Parable of the Tenants

  • Master= God the Father
  • Vineyard=The Chosen people
  • Tenants= leaders/authority
  • Harvest=perfect 10 commandments and belief in God
  • Slaves=Jesus
  • Son=Jesus
  • New Tenants=Apostles e.g Pope and Bishop
  • The slaves are obedient to the master
  • The first slaves were beaten and treated shamefully 
  • Some of the slaves were killed for doing the master's will 
  • New tenants are put in to get the harvest
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A Spirit Cast out by Jesus

  • (v14) The disciples come from the crowd to perform an exorcism
  • (v14) "teachers of the Law arguing with them" Were they arguing about whether Jesus really had the authority to cast out spirits?
  • (v18) People didn't have medical knowledge as we have today and may have mistaken an epileptic fit for demonic possession
  • (v18) "I aksed your disciples to drive the spirit oit, but they could not." In chapter 6 Jesus gave the disciples authority over unclean spirits. The disciples have failed to do what Jesus has given them the power to do.
  • (v19) "How unbelieving you people are!" The disciples lack faith.
  • (v20) "They brought him to Jesus..... foaming at the mouth." Does the spirit recognise the presence of God and so becomes afraid?
  • (v21) "Ever since he was a child" Shows how serious the case is
  • (v22)  "help us..... can!" The father seems to lack faith in Jesus' ability. The disciples failure calls into question of the father.
  • (v29) "Only prayer....nothing else can" Why does Jesus suddenly mention prayer
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Jesus, The Disciples and Service

  • (v37) James and John want to share Jesus' worldy power
  • (v38) A philosophy that they are going to be persecuted
    • Jesus is saying that J+J must suffer and die to gain glory
  • (v41) Show that the disciples were unsure of Jesus' teaching
    • clearly still want worldly ambission
  • (v43) Worldly ambission shouldn't be something the disciples want
    • others need come first
  • (v45) Disciples must follow the example of Jesus.
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The Failure of the Disciples

  • v27 "Jesus said to them, "All of you will run away and leave me,"
    • Jesus already knew his closest disciples would let down.
  • v27 "god will kill the sheperd, and the sheep will all be scattered."
    • Jesus is quoting Zechariah 13:7
  • v28 "But after I am raised to life, I will go to Galilee ahead of you."
    • Jesus predicts his resurrection tells his disciples where to find him afterwards.
    • Christians are reassured by Jesus' prophecy and believe in his rersurrection as Christianity spreads quickly.
  • v31 "Peter answered....'I will nevre say that, even if I have to die with you!' and all the other disciples said the same thing."
    • The disciples show that they are willing to lay down their lives for Jesus.
  • v35 "He went a little farther on threw himself on the ground, and prayed that, if 
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