The Andes

How do people use an area of fold mountains? AQA Geography A textbook GCSE 1.3

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  • Longest Range of fold moutains in the world 
  • 65 million years old
  • Located East of South America
  • average height 4,000km      
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The Andes LIFE.


  • People have adapted to living there by building Terraces which are steps cut into the hillside to make areas of farmland.
  • Terraces provide flat farming land in these harsh areas
  • They also retain water in an area that retains little.
  • They prevent soil being lost from decreasing down the mountain.
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  • Theres a lot of subisistence farming - Where they are farming to provide food for the farmers own family
  • The main source of farming food is potatos.
  • Llamas live in packs on the Andes they are used to carry materials for irrigation ( the artifical watering of land)
  • They are used to carry goods to remote areas on the mountains
  • They are relied upon for transport
  • Females are used for milk, meat and rugs
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  • Over 50% of Perus exports are from mining
  • The Andean Countries are top 10 for mining in the world
  • tin
  • nickle
  • gold
  • Yanacocha gold mine is the largest gold mine in the world
  • this brings jobs and housing to the local people
  • however it has a high crime rate and lack of facilitys
  • the popoulation has grown from 30 000 to 240 000
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Hydroelectric Power (HEP)


  • The steep sloops and narrow valleys can become damned for Hydroelectric power
  • The relief encourages a rapid fall of water with ensures generation of electricity
  • Also when the snow melts it produces more water is produced to generate electricity
  • however this change is a disadvantage rather than an advantage
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There are lots of natural attractions such as:

  • Volcanos
  • glaciers
  • peaks
  • lakes
  • Early settlements
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Good facts but i needed some more in details.

But than you!!

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