- Longest Range of fold moutains in the world
- 65 million years old
- Located East of South America
- average height 4,000km
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The Andes LIFE.
- People have adapted to living there by building Terraces which are steps cut into the hillside to make areas of farmland.
- Terraces provide flat farming land in these harsh areas
- They also retain water in an area that retains little.
- They prevent soil being lost from decreasing down the mountain.
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- Theres a lot of subisistence farming - Where they are farming to provide food for the farmers own family
- The main source of farming food is potatos.
- Llamas live in packs on the Andes they are used to carry materials for irrigation ( the artifical watering of land)
- They are used to carry goods to remote areas on the mountains
- They are relied upon for transport
- Females are used for milk, meat and rugs
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- Over 50% of Perus exports are from mining
- The Andean Countries are top 10 for mining in the world
- Yanacocha gold mine is the largest gold mine in the world
- this brings jobs and housing to the local people
- however it has a high crime rate and lack of facilitys
- the popoulation has grown from 30 000 to 240 000
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Hydroelectric Power (HEP)
- The steep sloops and narrow valleys can become damned for Hydroelectric power
- The relief encourages a rapid fall of water with ensures generation of electricity
- Also when the snow melts it produces more water is produced to generate electricity
- however this change is a disadvantage rather than an advantage
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There are lots of natural attractions such as:
- Early settlements
- INCA TRAIL
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