- Created by: Charlotte Sutcliffe
- Created on: 14-10-18 08:26
- Also known as a Behaviourist Theory.
- Coach uses a manipulative approach to ensure the skills are learned, using the principle that actions for which the athlete is rewarded are more likely to be repeated. - Is the use of reinforcement to link correct responses to a stimulus.
- Based on B.F.Skinner's work of observing rats in a cage called 'Skinner Box' in 1948.
- Key features: 1. Based on trial-and-error learning. 2. Coach manipulating environment. 3. Shaping behaviour using reinforcement.
- Reinforced actions are strengthened and incorrect actions weakened.
Satisfier: An action that promotes a pleasant feeling so that responses are repeated. Annoyer: An action that creates unease to promote the avoidance of incorrect responses.
1. Negative reinforcement: taking away unpleasant stimulus when response is correct 2. Positive reinforcement: pleasant stimulus given in response to a correct action. 3. Punishment: giving an unpleasant stimulus to prevent incorrect actions occurring.
- Can also be called The Social Learning Theory.
- Albert Bandura in 1977.
- Suggests both acceptable and unacceptable behaviour can be learned by watching and then copying other people.
- Coaches can use strategies to ensure that the demonstrations and role models used to show skills during practice are successfully copied be players.
3. Motor reproduction