The Standard of Living in World War Two

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Jobs and Wages- Improvements

It helped to solve the problem with unemployment

Dropping from 9 million (June 1940) to 780,000 (Sept 1943)

The War boosted wage rates and created more opportunities for overtime.

Average weekly earnings were $46 in 1944 compared with $20 in the mid 1930's

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Jobs and Wages- Little/No improvements

Women only earned 65% of what men earned

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Working Condidtions- Improvements

There was the opportunity to work overtime.

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Working Conditions- Little/ No Improvements

Longer working hours may have increased stress within workers

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Diet-Improvements

People ate more fruit and vegetables due to less sugar etc.

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Consumerism- Improvements

Consumer purchasing power rose by 50%

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Consumerism- Little/ No improvement

Rationing was introduced, which led to rubber, sugar, diesel, coffee and meat being rationed

Sales of new cars and trucks were prohibited

Consumer goods became either simpler or disappeared althogether from shops

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Holidays/Leisure- Improvements

Culture florished.

Expenditure on books and theatres doubled 1941-1945

Between 65 to 100 million went to the movies each week (the population being 135m)

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Holidays/ Leisure- Little/No Improvements

Racecourses shut and pubs and bars closed at midnight

Few booming communites had resources to supply their swollen population with recreation

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Family Life- Improvements

Marriage rates and birth rates shot up

It suggested that people were confident about the current economic climate

During this time there also saw a revival in Religion

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Family Life- Little/No Improvements

Overcrowding and family seperation led to high rates of divorce, mental illness and juvenile delinquency

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Family Life- Little/No Improvements

Overcrowding and family seperation led to high rates of divorce, mental illness and juvenile delinquency

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Housing- Little/No improvements

Severe housing shortage left millions living in converted garages, trailer camps and even their own cars.

Some workers in seattle lived in chicken coops

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Other- Improvements

Pesronal savings = $37 billion in 1944 compared to $3.74 billion in 1937

Wages rose faster than prices meaning there was little to spend money on

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