- Created by: bethanw101602
- Created on: 21-05-19 21:27
Durkheim: eductaion performs 2 main functions
- Social solidarity (teaching common history etc teaches a common purpose)
- Prepares a work force
- Secondary socialisation
Davis and Moore: role allocation
- selection and allocation of most talented individuals
- meritocratic system allows everyone to compete equally
- Marxists: values transmitted by edu system are not societies shared ones, but those of the ruling class
- Interactionists: too deterministic, not all pupils are passive in accepting schools values
Neoliberalism/ New right
Believes that state should not provide education, a market economy enchorages competition and drives up standards. More of a political view than a sociological view, but is a new version of functionalism so interesting.
Similarities w functionalists:
- some people are natually more talented than others
- education should be meritocratic and open to competition
- edu. should socialise pupils into shared values
Market vs the State: states one set of values cannot fit every pupil. Solution is to marketise the schools, makes the owner more sensetive to consumer needs.
Chubb and Moe: pupils from low income families do 5% in private schools, suggests non-meritocractic system.
The only role the state should hav in education is a framework for the market such as league tables, and creating a base national currculum that enforces a shared national identity
Education reproduces class inequalities to benfit the capitalists.
Althusser: ideological state apparatus- controls peoples ideas and beliefs, includes mass media and education system
The state perfome two ideological functions:
- Reproduction of a work force
- Legitimisation of class inequality
Bowles and Gintis: capitalisst need workers that are submissive. Education works to produce suh workers.
The Correspondance Principle: school mirrors the work force (submission, hierarchy of authority)
The hidden curriculum: implicit lessons taught to accapet hiarchy and competition
Myth of meriticracy: legitimates class inequality
Role allocation: obediant students achieve, not creative thinkers
Willis: learnign to labour. Rejects state apparatus and WC passively acceting fate, in fact partially see through meritocracy and have a counter-culture which is similar to shop-floor culture. By resisting ideology, they give in to it.
- Feminists- schools reproduce capitalism and the patriarhy. Women absent from Willis' study (androcentric)
- Postmodernists: marxism is out of date, correspondance principle no longer operates and is too simplistic