the Mercantilist stage
- from 1600-1850
- Britain owned 1/5 of worlds population
- Britain colonised small coastall fringes in west indies,Canada and africa.
- Imported raw materials from the USA, which where manufactured in Britain and sold back to colonised countries.
- Traded slaves and raw materials
- Private trading companies in colonies were protected by british military forces
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the imperialist stage
- coastal colonies expanded further inland
- influence of cultural values onto colonised countries; religion,language,sports
- development of technology; such as railways and telegraghs, connected distant parts of the empire
- trade became more complex
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the decolonialisation stage
- after the second world war, Britain became bankrupt
- decrease in economic power, couldent support navy, protecting colonies
- there was an increase in ani-colonialist movements;e.g, in India
- many countries became independent
- Britain focused on postwar reconstuction- majority of countries become independent by 1970
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- it remains in controll of 14 territories
- the commonwealth is an association of 53 independent states (former british colonies). The cooperarte in the common interset of their people.
- they have a series of agreements which incorparate thier values and beliefs.
- The british empire has left a cultural legacy, as English is the mother tounge today. As more than 300million in the world people speak it.
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