An introduction to the heretical movement
The Catholic Church had been challenged before 1500 by people who did not agree with the docrtine of the Church. Many heretics were not all based in Germany however their ideas had spread across the whole of educated Europe and it could be said that their ideas founded the basis for the later reform.
These people were called 'Heretics'. They were opposed to the heirarchy of the Church and believed that the Bible should be in the vernacular toung- Not latin.
The church had to strike back in order to maintain their authority
Individuals: John Wycliffe c.1330-1387
- An English philosopher, reformer and theologian
- Based in Oxford
- Against papal power
- Called for translation of the Bible into English
- He believed that Holy Scriptures were the only valid source of truth and authority
- He said salvation is gained through good works
- Critisised indulgences
- Followed by Lollards
- Died naturally but his bones were burnt by Catholics
Individuals: Jan Hus c.1369-1415
- A bohemian (Czech) priest
- Called for moral reform of the clergy
- He challenged the Catholic communion and believed that the laity and the clergy should both recieve bread and wine instead of laity only having bread
- He condemned indulgences
- His followers were called Hussites
- He was called to the Pope John XXIII in 1415 and was found guilty of heresy.
- He was then executed