THE COGNITIVE APPROACH

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 29-03-16 17:57

ASSUMPTIONS

INTERNAL MENTAL PROCESSES STUDIED SCIENTIFICALLY

INVESTIGATE MEMORY / PERCEPTION / THINKING

SCIENTISTS INFERENCES CANT BE OBSERVED

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THEORTEICAL COMPUTER MODELS

INFO PROCESSING FLOWS COGNITIVE SYSTEM IN SEQUENCE STAGES - INPUT / STORAGE / RETRIEVAL E.G. MULTISTORE MODEL

COMPUTER MODELS - CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT (BRAIN) CODING (TURNING INFOR USEFUL FORMAT) USE STORES HOLD INFO

USEFUL DEVELOPMENT

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ROLE OF SCHEMA

COGNITIVE PROCESING AFFECTED PERSONS BELIEF / EXPECTATIONS

MENTAL FRAMEWORK RECIEVE INO COGNITIVE SYSTEM - HELPS RESPOND APPROPRIATLEY 

BABIES BORN SIMPLE MOTOR SCHEMA BEAHVOUR - SUCKING

SCHEMA DETAILED - ADULT DEVELOP MENTAL REPRESENTATION

ENABLE PROCESS INFO QUICKLY - USEFUL MENTAL SHORT CUT PREVENTS OVERHWELMED ENVIORNMENT STIMULI

DISTORT INTEPRETATIONS SENSORY INFO LEADING PERCEPTUAL ERRORS

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EMERGENCE COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE

STUDY INFLUENCE BRAIN STRUCTURES ON MENTAL PROCESSES

MAPPING BRAIN AREAS SPECIFIC COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS

1860S BROACH IDENTIFIED DAMAGE FRONTAL LOBE = PERMANENT IMPAIRMENT OF SPEECH

DESCRIBE NEUROLOGICAL MENTAL PROCESS THROUGH FMRI / PET SCANS

RESEARCH EPISODIC / SEMANTIC MEMORY TULVING SHOW DIFFERENT TYPES LONG TERM MEMORY LOCATED OPPOSITE SIDES PRE-FRONTAL CORTEX 

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EVALUATION: SCIENTIFIC AND OBJECTIVE MEASURES

HIGH CONTROL METHOD - INFER COGNITIVE PROCESSES

LAB EXPERIMENTS = RELIALBE DATA

COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE ENABLED BIOLOGY & PSYCHOLOGY COME TOGETHER

CREDIBLE SCIENTIFIC BASIS

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EVALUATION: MACHINE REDUCTIONISM

IGNORES INFLUENCE HUMAN EMOTIONS / MOTIVATION - AFFECT ABILITY PROCESS

RESEARCH HUMAN - MEMORY AFFECT EMOTIONS

E.G. ANXIETY ON E.W.T

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EVALUATION: APPLICATION EVERY DAY LIFE

SUFFERS TOO ABSTRACT & THEORETICAL

USING ARTIFICIAL STIMULI - NOT REPRESENT REAL LIFE

LACK EXTERNAL VALIDITY

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