Textiles OCR

Textiles

OCR

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  • Created by: Perdi
  • Created on: 31-05-09 12:58

Fibres/Fabrics

Acetate = moth resistant, mildew resistant, resistant to acids

Acrylic = moth resistant, mildew resistant, inslation

Cotton = strong, absorbant, resistant to build up static electricity

Linen = thermal conductivity, strong, absorbant,

Nylon = abrasion resistant, stretchy, strong

Polyester = abrasion resistant, stretchy, insulant, resistant to acids

Silk = absorbant, flame resistant, strong

Triacetate = moth resistant, resistant to alkilis, stretchy

Viscose = absorbant, resistant to build up static electricity, moth resistant

Wool = absorbant, insulation, stretchy, flame resistant

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Production Methods (Individual and Mass)

Individual/job/one off production
One operator or team assembles a unique one off product in responce to a specif clients request. This system involves highlt skilled workers, is labour intensive, uses versatile machinery, and takes quite a while to complete the product, therefore the end product is usally of hish quality and cost.

Types of Mass/Volume Production
Repetitive flow production/flow line production:

this system relies on producing large numbers of identical products for a low cost. its expencive to set up but the mass production leads to lower costs because of buying in bulk, the system can be fully automated, and un skilled labour can be used.
Continual flow production:
this is the uninterupted production of a product until it is completed, this method involves production for 24 hours a day, but it is expencive to stop the production.
Straight line system:
This system is good for large batches of products for large retailers. each worker has their own section which they do everyday. this system is good because they produce a large production, and workers no what there doing so there is little mistakes.

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Production Methods 2 (Batch)

Types of Batch Production
Progressive bundle system:

Workers do each section of the product, the advantages of this our there are smaller lot sizes and delivery times are reduced,.
Section/cell system:
this system is used by factories that deal with frequent style changes and small numbers of prodcuts produced each batch. each worker specialises on a garment component and then it is put together.
Just in time:
this production requires regular deliveries of components from suppliers which arrive just in time and are used immediatly. the advantages of this are costs are low due to low storage needs, production is relatively fast, and quality is mostly maintained.
The advantages of batch productin are it is flexible and can be easily changed, batches can be repeated, a variety of styles can be made, and staff enjoy flexible working conditions.
The disadvantages are lost time during the change in productuon of one textile product to another, equitment needs to be re set after each production run, and staff sometimes specialize in one aspect of produtction and work may therefore become repetitive and boring.

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