Textiles - Fibres

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  • Created by: livi_m
  • Created on: 02-05-14 20:06

Wool

Natural - Protein

  • Warm to wear
  • Can absorb up to 1/3 of its weight in water without feeling wet
  • Slow drying
  • Fine wool is comfortable
  • Coarse wool can be scratchy
  • Medium strength
  • Good elasticity
  • Creases drop out
  • May shrink. Wash and iron with care.
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Silk

Natural - Protein

  • Cool to wear
  • Good insulator so can be warm
  • Very comfortable
  • Soft handle
  • Elegant drape
  • Good strength
  • Creases drop out
  • Wash and iron with care, best dry cleaned.
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Cotton

Natural - Cellulose

  • Cool to wear (unless brushed)
  • Highly absorbent
  • Slow drying
  • Very comfortable, unless wet
  • Soft handle
  • Good drape
  • Good strength
  • Creases easily
  • Wash and iron damp, may shrink.
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Linen

Natural - Cellulose

  • Cool to wear
  • Highly absorbent
  • Fast drying
  • Stiffer and harder than cotton
  • Firm handle
  • Smooth drape
  • Good strength and durability
  • Creases badly
  • Easily washed and ironed
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Viscose

Man made - Regenerated

  • Low warmth
  • More absorbent than cotton
  • Comfortable to wear
  • Good drape
  • Lower strength than cotton
  • Creases easily
  • Washable, easy to iron
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Polyester

Man-made - Thermoplastic (Synthetic)

  • Low warmth unless textured
  • Hydrophobic - low absorbency
  • Fast drying
  • Comfortable, but prone to static.
  • Strong, abrasion resistant
  • Crease resistant
  • Machine washable, iron with care
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Polyamide (Nylon)

Man-made - Thermoplastic (Synthetic)

  • Low warmth unless textured
  • Hydrophobic - low absorbency
  • Fast drying
  • Comfortable, but prone to static.
  • Strong, abrasion resistant
  • Crease resistant
  • Machine washable, iron with care
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Elastane

Man-made - Thermoplastic (Synthetic)

  • Low percentage always used in blends
  • Absorbent
  • Dyes well
  • Good strength
  • Crease resistance
  • Machine washable
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