Textiles: fibres

Revision cards on different types of fibres and their properties.

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  • Created on: 31-05-10 18:56

Natural Fibres from Plants

Cotton - jeans, t-shirts & towels

  • cool to wear
  • soft handle (how it feels)
  • good drape (how it hangs/behaves when pleated/folded)
  • durable
  • absorbent => dries slowly
  • creases easily
  • can be washed & ironed

Linen - summer clothing, tea towels & tablecloths

  • fresh and cool to wear
  • stiffer handle than cotton
  • good drape
  • durable
  • absorbent BUT fast drying
  • can be washed or ironed
  • creases badly
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Natural Fibres from Animals

Wool - jumpers, suits & blankets

  • warm to wear
  • absorbent BUT dries quickly
  • breathable
  • repels rain
  • soft/ coarse handle
  • can shrink
  • good drape
  • not durable
  • creases drop out
  • dry clean

Silk - evening wear & ties

  • warm to wear
  • absorbent
  • soft handle
  • good lustre & drape
  • durable
  • creases drop out
  • dry clean
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Synthetic Fibres

Viscose - shirts, dresses & linings

  • low warmth
  • absorbent => dries slowly
  • soft handle
  • good drape
  • not durable
  • creases easily
  • wash and iron

Acrylic - jumpers, fleece jackets & blankets

  • warm to wear
  • non-absorbent => fast drying
  • stiffer handle (a bit like wool)
  • good drape
  • durable
  • crease resistant
  • easy care

Nylon - sportswear, fleece jackets, socks & seat belts

  • warm to wear
  • absorbent => dries slowly
  • breathable
  • soft/coarse handle
  • can shirnk
  • good drape
  • durable
  • creases drop out
  • dry clean

Polyester - raincoats, fleece jackets, children's night wear, medical textiles & working clothes

  • low warmth
  • non-absorbent BUT fast drying
  • soft handle
  • good drape
  • very durable
  • crease resistant
  • easy care
  • can be recycled
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