Testicular Cancer

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What is it?

Testicular cancer is cancer of the testes.

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Signs and Symptoms

  • Heaviness in the scrotum area
  • Build up of fluid in the scrotum area
  • A lump or swelling in either of the testicles
  • Fatigue
  • General feeling of being unwell
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
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Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Family history - geneitc
  • Age - usually teenage to 44
  • Being infertile
  • Having AIDs or HIV
  • Tall men
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  • Go to the GP if you feel a lump in the testes
  • The GP will ask about your symptoms and family history
  • The GP will then do a phsyical examination to see if they find a lump
  • The GP may do a scrotal ultrasound
  • Blood tests may be taken 
  • You may have a biopsy
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  • Surgery to remove the infected testical
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Biological therapy
  • Even if the cancer has gone, you will still need regular check ups which consist of:
  • A physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Chest x-ray
  • CT scan
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