Revision cards on literary terms for AS English.

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  • Created by: Jenny
  • Created on: 01-05-08 20:21

Set 1

ANAPHORA: Intentional repetition at the beginning of clauses to create an artistic effect eg: 'We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on the end'

ANTITHESIS: Using opposite phrases in close conjuction eg: 'I burn and I freeze'

CAESURA: A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry ( - )

CHARACTERIZATION: Poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create a persona.

CLOSED POETIC FORM: Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern eg: sonnets

COLLOQUIALISM: Word or phrase used in everyday language rarely found in formal writing.

CONCEIT: An ingenious metaphor found in poems such as Valentine by C.A. Duffy

CONNOTATION: What the imagination creates from something as simple as colours eg: green, red, blue

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Set 2

DENOTATION: The direct opposite of connotation

DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE: A poem in which a poetic speaker addresses either the reader or an internal listener

ELLIPSIS: Punctuation mark indicated by three periods ( . . . )

ENJAMBEMENT: A line having no pause or end punctuation but having uninterrupted grammatical meaning continuing into the next line

EPIPHANY:A form of spirital awakening found in poems such as Prayer

HYPERBOLE: A form of exaggeration or overstatement

INTERNAL RHYME: A poetic device in which a word in the middle of a line rhymes with a word at the end of the line.

JUXTAPOSITION: The arrangement of two or more ideas which contrast with one another

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Set 3

LEXIS: Another term for words

METAPHOR: A way of figuratively speaking eg: Ladder to success

NEOLOGISM: A made up word eg: Climature a mixture of climate and temperature

NOVELLA: A short novel eg: The Awakening by Kate Chopin

ONOMATOPOEIA: The use of sounds that are similar to the noise they represent eg: Buzz, Click, Rattle

OXYMORON/PARADOX: Using contradiction in a manner that oddly makes sense on a deeper level

PERSONIFICATION: Objects and animals are given human like features

PHONOLOGY: Describes sound

PLOSIVE: Creates sharp explosive sounds

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Set 4

QUATRAIN: Stanza of four lines usually rhyming in the ABAB pattern eg: Shakespeare created this method

RHETORIC: The art of persuasive argument through writing or speech

SEMANTICS: Word meaning

SIBILANCE: A form of alliteration using the 'S' sound

SIMILE: comparison implied by using an adverb such as like or as eg: O, my luve is like a red, red rose

ZEITGEIST: When a period of time is created strongly within a piece of text eg: Captain of the 1964 Top of the Form Team

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