Tenses

  • Created by: emsharpx
  • Created on: 21-09-18 13:52

Present Tense (-ER verbs)

Remove -ER, and add:

  • Je _____e
  • Tu _____es
  • Il/Elle/On ____e
  • Nous ____ons
  • Vous ____ez
  • Ils/Elles ____ent
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Present Tense (-IR verbs)

Remove -IR, and add:

  • Je ____is
  • Tu ____is
  • Il/Elle/On ____it
  • Nous ____issons/ons
  • Vous ____issez/ez
  • Ils/Elles ____issent/ent
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Present Tense (-RE verbs)

Remove -RE, and add:

  • Je ____s
  • Tu ____s
  • Il/Elle/On ____
  • Nous ____ons
  • Vous ____ez
  • Ils/Elles ____ent
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Imperfect Tense

To use when: a regular past event, description or opinion

Put verb in present tense, nous form and then minus -ons:

  • Je ____ais
  • Tu ____ais
  • Il/Elle/On ____ait
  • Nous ____ions
  • Vous ____iez 
  • Ils/Elles ____aient

same endings as conditional tense

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Passe Compose (etre)

When to use: a specific event and what took place at that exact moment

To use etre: with Mrs Vandertramp or reflexive verbs:

  • Je suis
  • Tu es
  • Il/Elle/On est
  • Nous somes
  • Vous etes
  • Ils/Elles sont 

Add: agreement and past participle

ER - é 

IR - i

RE - u 

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Passe Compose (avoir)

  • J'ai
  • Tu as
  • Il/Elle/On a
  • Nous avons
  • Vous avez
  • Ils/Elles ont

Add: past participle

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Irregular past participles

Avoir - to have - eu - had

boire - to drink - bu - drank

devoir - to have to - du - had to

etre - to be - ete - have been

faire - to do - fait - have done

pouvoir - to be able to - pu - was able to

prendre - to take - pris - took

recevoir - to recieve - recu - recieved

voir - to see - vu - saw

vouloir - to want - voulu - wanted

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Future Tense

When to use: I will......

Keep infinitive and add:

  • Je ____ai
  • Tu ____as
  • Il/Elle/On ____a
  • Nous ____ons
  • Vous ____ez
  • Ils/Elles ____ont

(same endings as avoir)

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Forming future tense with Irregular Verbs

Infinitive - Stem

aller - ir__

avoir - aur__

devoir - devr__

etre - ser__

faire - fer__

pouvoir - pourr__

venir - viendr__

voir - verr__

vouloir - voudr__

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Conditional Tense

When to use: I would.....

Keep infinitive and add:

  • Je ____ais
  • Tu ____ais
  • Il/Elle/On ____ait
  • Nous ____ions
  • Vous ____iez
  • Ils/Elles ____aient
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Imperfect Irregulars

Infinitive - Stem

Etre - et____

Avoir - av____

Boire - buv____

Faire - fais____

Pouvoir - pouv____

Voir - voy____

Vouloir - voul____

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The Subjunctive (Present)

When to use: judgement, opinion, doubt or emotion. Wishing/ fearing/ giving opinion and saying how you feel

Only the stem, and then add:

  • Je ____e
  • Tu ____es
  • Il/Elle/On ____e
  • Nous ____ions
  • Vous ____iez
  • Ils/Elles ____ent
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Irregulars for the Subjunctive

aller - aille__

avoir - ai__

devoir - doiv__

etre - sois (stays the same for each pronoun)

faire - fasse__

pouvoir - puiss__

prendre - prenn__

savoir - sach__

venir - vienn__

vouloir - veuill__

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PlusPerfect

When to use: events that had happened.

Use the imperfect form of avoir or etre (av- and et-) and add the past participle of the main verb.

Imperfect endings (same as conditional):

  • Je ___ais
  • Tu ___ais
  • Il/Elle/On ____ait
  • Nous ____ions
  • Vous ____iez
  • Ils/Elles ____aient

ER - e 

IR - i

RE - u

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Immediate future

To use when: I'm going to.....

Use correct form of the future tense of 'aller' and then add infinitive of main verb:

  • Je vais.......
  • Tu vas.......
  • Il/Elle/On va.......
  • Nous allons......
  • Vous allez.......
  • Ils/Elles vont.......

Then add infinitve.

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The Future Perfect Tense

To use when: expressing what will  have happened at some point in the future.

Conjugate avoir in future tense and add past participle of the infinitve.

  • Je aurai......
  • Tu auras.....
  • Il/Elle/On aura.....
  • Nous aurons....
  • Vous aurez....
  • Ils/Elles auront.....

Add past participle to verb: è, i, u 

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The Conditional Perfect Tense

To use when: expressing what would have happened (usually if something else had happened)

Use conditional of avoir or etre and add the past participle to the verb

  • Je aurais/etais
  • Tu aurais/ etais
  • Il/Elle/On aurait/ etait
  • Nous aurions/ etions
  • Vous auriez/ etiez
  • Ils/Elles auraient/ etaient

Add past participle to main verb: é, i, u

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