Temperature Deciduous forest (case study, UK)

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  • Created by: Kelleigh
  • Created on: 02-06-13 16:45

General information

Distribution - Found in north west Europe, eastern North America and parts of Asia - Occur here because they are suited to moderate climate

Climate - Rainfall is distributed evenly throughout the year - long growing season (up to 7 months) - when leaf fall is early sometimes there is a shortage of water in spring and summer

Soils - tend to br rich and fertile, weathering is active providing lots of nutrients and annual leaf fall provides organic matter = enriches soil

Vegetation - rich diversity, which gives a big range of habitats - drop leaves in response to reductions in light and heat (conserves water) - oak woodland (southern England, oak, beech, birch and ash) - shed leaves in autumn (deciduous) - Quite dark in woodland, not ideal for flowering plants (bluebelss in early spring, bloom before full canopy) - broad leaves so theres lots of water loss through the stomata on the underside

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structure

Top = canopy, acts ike an umbrella (oak and ash) 30m

Sub-canopy of saplings and small trees (hazel), 20m

herb layer of brambles, braken, bluebells, wild garlic and lily, 10m

ground layer - close to soil, it is damp and dark (ideal for moss)

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The New Forest, Hampshire, UK

Covers 375kmsquared

200 million visitors a year

produces 50,000 tonnes of timber a year

Uses: - Timber, farming and recreation - local mills - nature reserve - recreational = walking, cycling (100 miles), wildlife watching, horse-riding, fishing, golf, watersports, sports events (New forest and Hampshire county show- organised activities = fishing, orienteering and BBQ's

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The New Forest, Hampshire, UK

Covers 375kmsquared

200 million visitors a year

produces 50,000 tonnes of timber a year

Uses: - Timber, farming and recreation - local mills - nature reserve - recreational = walking, cycling (100 miles), wildlife watching, horse-riding, fishing, golf, watersports, sports events (New forest and Hampshire county show- organised activities = fishing, orienteering and BBQ's

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The New Forest, management and sustainability

controlled felling - only trees of a certain age/species are felled

replanting - where trees that are felled are replanted

pollarding - cutting trees to shoulder height, to allow new shoots to grow

allowing old trees to die - to allow natural forest structure

recreational rules - putting rubbish in bins, staying to footpaths, dogs on leads, etc.

Socially sustainable - people are allowed to enjoy forest without damaging it through footpaths, courtesy signs and management access

economically sustainable - timber can be used to make money and is carefully selected to minimise damage, money is made through providing services and facilities for recreation

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