tectonics volcanoes case study: chances peak montserrat

case study for the volcano in montserrat for aqa gcse geography

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factfile

  • destructive plate boundry- north and south american plate  subducted under carribean plate
  • composite cone volcano
  • acidic lava
  • began july 1995 until 1997
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short term effects

  • April 1996 capital city Plymouth evacuated
  • June 1997 biggest eruption- south of island covered in layer of ash from pyroclastic flow
  • 19 deaths
  • 2/3 houses destroyed
  • loss of population (11,000 to 3,500) due to evacuation
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long term effects

  • loss of income from tourism
  • creation of elderly population as younger people leave island and never return
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short term response

  • volcano monitored
  • august 1995 people evacuated to north of island and live in temporary shelters
  • april 1996 plymouth evacuated
  • £17 million aid from uk
  • USA sent troops to help with evacuation
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long term response

  • 2005, volcano still active and being monitored
  • population beginning to return (8,000 in 2005)
  • UK funded 3 year redevelopment programme costing £123 million- rebuilding homes and infrastructure
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