Tectonics case studies

Tectonics and associated hazards case studies: Kobe, Haiti, Etna, Japan Tsunami

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2010 Haiti Earthquake

  • 12 January 2010, Epicentre 25 miles west of Port-Au-Prince
  • Magnitude 7.0
  • Up to 316,000 deaths, 300,000 injured, 1,000,000 homeless
  • Many countries responded to appeals for humanitarian aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel. Communication systems, air, land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals, and electrical networks had been damaged by the earthquake, which hampered rescue and aid efforts; confusion over who was in charge, air traffic congestion, and problems with prioritisation of flights further complicated early relief work. Port-au-Prince's morgues were quickly overwhelmed with many tens of thousands of bodies having to be buried in mass graves As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation became priorities. Delays in aid distribution led to angry appeals from aid workers and survivors, and looting and sporadic violence were observed. On 22 January the United Nations noted that the emergency phase of the relief operation was drawing to a close, and on the following day the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors.
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Responses

  • Dominican Republic first to give aid, sending water, food and heavy lifting supplies. Dominican hospitals made available, airports too, forming a Haitian-Dominican aerial support bridge.
  • Icelandic team within 24 hours of earthquake, and Chinese teams arived a day after.
  • Qatar sent transport aircraft with 50 tonnes of material.
  • Israeli medical team formed near UN buildings in Port-Au-Prince.
  • Korean medical team.
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