Luddites- the Amish
· Luddites- people who directly appose technology.
· USA is home to 200,000 Amish who reject modern technology such as car, telephones and power lines.
· They object because of there religion as they feel they shouldn’t and don’t want to live in connection with ‘non Amish’ people.
· This is a deliberate dismissing of technology
HIV/AIDS in Haiti
· Haiti suffers from environmental determinism- AS A RESULT OF NOT HAVING ACCSESS TO TECHNOLOGY, SOME PEOPLES LIVES ARE SHAPED BY PHYSICAL FACTORS SUCH AS WEATHER.
· Haiti lack basic access to technology
· Lack of access has meant a spread of HIV/AIDS
· Drugs are used to prolong life, however they are V expensive
· The drugs are painted and protected meaning the developing countries are unable to access them or create a cheaper alternative.
· Lack of technology has meant traditional Roman Catholic views have been the only path-meaning no condoms=MORE HIV
· Lack of education means limited education to condoms and other protection measures
Leapfrogging- India's mobil phone project.
· Leapfrogging creates a ‘quick fix’ and short cut to desirable technology without going through the progression stages.
· 1988 India had 22 landlines per 1000 people-THEY WERE TO EXPENCIVE
· Mobile phone service was introduced in 1994
· Since 2000 mobile phones use has increased from 3.5 mobiles per 1000 people to 230.
· Cheap headsets from $20 have fueled growth
· Low price calls
· Lack of competition
· Bottom up innovation, villages using car batteries to charge mobiles when electricity is absent.
India and mobile phones.
· Why the phones are so important-
· Rural/ urban migration of families means they have the means to stay in contact with each other.
· Farmers have the ability to check crop prices meaning they get a fair price for their yields.
· Small business has the ability to stay in contact with customers and advertise more efficiently.
Negative impacts of new technology- CFC's
· Since technology was first developed the consequences have been hard to predict due to the new innovations.
· CFCs were developed in the 1920s as refrigerants
· They are non-toxic and non reactive
· Used in cooling devices and aerosol sprays.
· CFCs CONSEQUENCES
· Improved human health as better access to fresh food and correctly stored medicine
· Concerns over graffiti rise in the 1960s
· 1970 noticing that there could be potential detrimental effects to the ozone.
· Banned in the USA in 1976
China and technology.
· Investment in technology megaprojects
· Large-scale technology reform
· Created an 8-10% growth in GDP.
· Three Gorges Dam-1994-2011
· Hydroelectric power up to 23,000MW
· Flood control scheme on the Yangtze River
· SOCIAL AND ENVIROMENTAL IMPACTS
· Considerable increase in pollution
· 1,300 historical sites have been flooded
· 4 million people displaced
· Threated species such as the Chinese river dolphin and d Siberian crane
The green revolution-Africa
· Defined- Farming technology introduced in the 1960s will increase yields by using higher yield crops such as maize and rice as well as fertilizer, irrigation and mechanization.
· AGRA founded scheme of $200 million to Africa.
· Low-level investment in African crops meant yields were very small
· Investment has created a quicker growth and rejuvenation cycle.
· Helped 180million small African farmers.
· Provided supporting technology to insure that farmers can produce a surpluses meaning they are able to increase profit by selling them.
Bottom-up solar in the UK.
· 2008-100,000 micro generation systems were installed in the UK
· 90% of which was solar thermal- used energy from sunlight to heat water.
· Initial costs are high- not accessible to low-income families.
· Many sites are not suitable for wind or sola due to their geographical location.
· Government grants stopped in 2007 due to high demand
· An estimated 10million sites could benefit from the technology.