Tariff Reform: 1900-1906

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Tariff Reform

  • Taxes on foreign trade (imports and exports)
  • Creates more industry within British industry
  • Protects industry from countries outside Britain
  • Imperial preference encourages trade within the empire
  • Higher tax rates on goods from outside the empire
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Free Trade

  • Trading for free in and out of empire
  • No taxes on imports and exports
  • Makes trading more efficient
  • Joe Chamberlain disagreed with free trade
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Joseph Chamberlain

  • 'Spearheaded' tariff reform
  • From Birmingham
  • Disagreed with free trade
  • Left liberals over home rule & set up liberal unionists
  • Lost in 1906 landslide victory
  • Conservatives basically handed over to Liberals
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National Efficiency/Foreign Competition

  • Competiting with economy & trading of counries e.g. France & Germany
  • Chamberlain suggested Tariff Reform was the solution
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1906 Election

  • People voted unanimously for Liberals
  • Landslide victory

- conservatives lost over half of their seats

- won by an overwhelming majority 

  • Reason for landslide victory was issue over tariff reform
  • Workers feared rises in costs of; living & food
  • Chamberlain argued it was a short term solution, but this didnt convince them
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Tariff Reform League

  • Pressure group set up by Chamberlain in 1903
  • Protested against 'unfair' foreign trade
  • Ploy to protect British industry from foreign competition
  • Received 250'000 members by 1914
  • Grassroots of Conservative party
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