Synthetic Fibres

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Polyester;

Is taken from oil.
Polyester is used in dacron.

The advantages are;
Resistant to abrasion,
Strong when wet,
Easily washable,
and good elasticity.

The disadvantages are;
Not absorbent,
Dissolved by acids,
and thermoplastic so ironing melts the fibres.

Polyester is widely used for sports wear, curtains, cushions and table cloths.

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Elastane;

Is taken from oil.
Elastane is used in lycra, (combined to add stretch).

The advantages are;
Resistant to abrasion,
Extremely elastic,
Easily washable,
Resistant to chemicals,
and resistant to moth and mildew damage.

The disadvantages are;
Not absorbent,
High flammability
and dissolved by bleach.

Elastane is widely used for sports/swim wear and underwear.

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Polyamide;

Is taken from coal.
Polyamide is used in nylon.

The advantages are;
Resistant to abrasion,
Very strong,
Good elasticity,
Holds heat set pleats,
and warm.

The disadvantages are;
Not very absorbent,
and thermoplastic so ironing melts the fibres.

Polyamide is widely used fort sportswear, carpets, tights and socks. 

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Acrylic

Is taken from oil.
Acrylic is not used in fabrics.

The advantages are;
Strong when dry,
Good elasticity,
Quite warm,
Doesn't shrink,
Resistant to chemicals,
and resistant to moths.

The disadvantages are;
Pilling occurs with abrasion,
Weak when wet,
Not very absorbent,
High flammability.

Acrylic is widely used for fake fur, knitted clothes and furnishings.  

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