Symphony No.40

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  • Created by: spud99
  • Created on: 03-04-15 11:55

Symphony No.40

Classical period 1740-1830

Mozart 1756-1791 Austria 

Composed 1788 never performed in Mozart's lifetime

Symphony Four movements, 1st sonata form

Twp subjects

1 of 7

First subject

Violin 1  Gminor    Bar 1 

(http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/3337c0fc3abd7f1b7bb092c707540c05b220be9a.gif)

2 of 7

Second subject

Viola (strings) + clarinet (woodwind)      Bar 44    B♭major (relative major)

(http://www.bbc.co.uk/staticarchive/5a3aeb09a0158349f1178147f6407ed63342494f.gif)

3 of 7

Melody + harmony

Balanced four or eight bar phrases question + answer style

Scalic phrases

Diatonic + functional harmony

Chromatic chords e.g diminished 7th

Circle of 5ths in second subject

Pedal notes in cellos

4 of 7

Instrumentation + texture

Chamber orchestra

Strings busy almost all the time

Woodwind not as much as the strings

Horns held/repeated notes, sustain harmony

Homophonic

-octave doublings

-counterpoint + imitation

5 of 7

Tonality

G minor

Exposition:

-first subject G minor

-second subject B♭ major (relative major)

Development

-moves through various keys

Recapitulation

-first + second subject G minor

-coda G minor

 

6 of 7

Structure, tempo + rhythm

Sonata form  G minor

Exposition (first subject - second subject)

Development

Recapitulation (first subject - second subject - coda)

Repeateo short rhythmic ideas

Anacrusis starts first subject

Simple dotted rhythms, syncopation

Metre 4/4    Molto Allegro

7 of 7

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