First way to supporting Cognitive Development
Developing memory and imaginative skills and helping children to think about others
Adults use certain games to stimulate the child's imaginative skills and to help them think about others. They also play games to help their memory.
An example of how to do this would be to provide the child with clothes to dress up in and to maybe give the child scenarios, so asking them what a chef would wear and asking them to dress up as a chef and to maybe play in a toy kitchen. For their memory they can play games like pairs.
Second way to supporting Cognitive Development
Encouraging problem solving skills.
Problem solving helps to get the child's brain thinking and helps them learn how to apply their thinking to practical situations. It also helps the children to leanr different concepts e.g. size and shapes of certain objects. The children benefit from having children to talk to.
An example of how to do this could be a giant jigsaw that they could work in a team to do or the teacher wcan make a maze in the playground and the children can try and get out of it.
Third way to supporting Cognitive Development
Organising visits and new experiences.
Visits and new experiences help the children to touch and see new things so that they can think and form new ideas. The adults alos bring in objects that stimulate the child's interests. Adults need to point out new things so that the children can learn about what they are seeing.
An exapmle of how to do this would be the teachers taking the children to museums, aquariums, and parks and could ask them to then draw or write about what they are seeing. They could then make their own mini toy aquarium in the nursery to help the children remember what they saw and to also help them think of new ideas.
Fourth way to supporting Cognitive Development
Helping children to make connections.
Children can learn from just seeing and doing things but for their cognitive skills to develop fully the adults need to give them more complex concepts. The adults also need to ask the children questions so that they can make connections with people and events.
The adults could ask the child about who is in their family and what they do at Christmas. They could then draw their family members and they could talk about their birthday and what they would like for their birthday so they start to understand their interests and so that they can make connections to what they do, have done and could/will do (past, present and future).