- Created by: Kasia.kuczaj
- Created on: 05-03-20 18:10
The chaos and despair of the depression led to people losing faith in democratic parties.
German's wanted to hear the messages the Nazi Party were spreading. Nazi's promised to solve the economic crisis and get people back to work; This was called "Work and Bread". Also, they promised to destroy the Treaty of Versailles, restore power of the Army, make Germany powerful again and be strong leaders of the Country.
Fear of Communism
As lives became difficult, workers started to support the Communist party. This terrified German business men and farmers; they had seen communism in action in the Soviet Union where the Government had taken over the land and wealth from big industries and farmers.
The Nazi's were an anti-communist party The middle class, business men and farmers didn't want the communist party to get into power so they turned to the Nazi's. Rich business men gave them money for campaigning. The Nazi's were also anti-semetic, which appealed to many people as Jews were seen as 'scapegoats' and this gave Germans someone to blame for German problems.
Hitler was charismatic and an influential speaker who was able to get across Nazi ideas and manipulate German people into believing what he had said. He was surrounded by a team of loyal and effective leaders.
Hitler's speeches gained a great deal of support for the Nazi's which evidently improved their % of supporters in the elections
Josef Goebbels was in charge of Nazi propaganda and used the latest technology to spread the Nazi message. In 1932, Hitler travelled around Germany to indoctrinate as many people as possible. Mass rallies made people feel proud to be German. Posters were effectively used.
The local measures of the Nazi party impressed German citizens when the national government was ineffective. The apparent discipline of the SA was attractive when there was so much violence around the election meetings (1930-32) although it was partially the SA's fault.
There were 100,000 members in the Nazi Party by 1929, local leaders ran public meetings and provided careful and well trained speakers. Local parties helped the unemployed by providing soup kitchens etc.
The local measures of the Nazi party impressed German citizens when the national government was ineffective.
The Nazi's opponents were Social Democrats and the Communists. Neither took the Nazi's seriously and wanted to battle. Voters didn't trust social democrats due to their lack of organisation.
Weak opposition meant the Nazi's policies were NOT questioned, the opposes offered nothing.
Stresemann died in 1929; days before the Wall Street Crash. There was a series of weak, short-lived Governments, some of these Governments made matters worse during the depression by cutting pay and benefits which led to poverty.
Weak Government made the Nazi messages more strong. Some people had never forgiven the Weimar government for the Treaty of Versailles. Germans felt dolchstoss - 'stabbed in the back', and suffered from the reparations and hyperinflation.
The SA were Hitler's private army and gave the party a military feel. This made the party seem more organised and disciplined. Hitler's authority over the SA made the Nazis seem strong in comparison to the Weimar government.
The Nazis used the SA to terrorise opponents and voters
The SA gained the reputation of being disciplined young men. This apparent discipline was attractive when there was so much violence around the election meetings (1930-32) although it was partially the SA's fault.