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  • Created by: izzy89
  • Created on: 07-12-15 16:35



Egoistic suicide: when an individual is under integrated in society

Altruistic suicide: when an individual has become over integrated into society

Anomic suicide:when society has a lack of control over individuals

Fatalistic suicide: when society has too much regulation and control over people's lives

  • Used official statistics to make comparisons between countries
  • Found a varied suicide rates between countries and groups
  • Rates not driven by the individual, but by social factors
  • Catholic community had low suicide rates, whereas protests have higher rates.
  • Married people have lower suicide rates
  • Periods of social stability showed decreased suicide rates
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Durkheim: criticisms and strengths



  • Agreed with Durkheim's scientific approach
  • However, he overempahsised religion and how it participates in suicide rates
  • There is a bigger difference between areas

Gibbs and Martin

  • Also agreed with scientific methods
  • Did not define integration and this can lead to a problem when trying to measure such things


Gibbs and Porterfield

  • Studied suicide statistics for New Zealand
  • Found social mobility creates anxiety
  • Also weakens social ties, leading to a lack of support at such times
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J.D Douglas

J.D Douglas

  • All self inflicted acts of death are not the same thing

Types of suicide:

  • Transformation of the soul- a way to get into heaven
  • Transformation of the self- people viewing you differently after
  • A means to achieve sympathy
  • Revenge
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Jean Bachler

Jean Baechler

  • Escapist suicides: when someone wnats to escape an unbearable situation
  • Aggressive suicides: aims to hurt and harm somebody else
  • Oblative suicides: used to gain something which is desired
  • Ludic suicides: done for the risk and excitement
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Four commonsesnse factors that affects coroners decisions on suicide:

  • Presence of a suicide note
  • Method of death that usually correlates with suicide
  • Location and circumstances 
  • Evidence of an illness 
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Reject a clear cut distinction between genuine suicide and fake suicide

  • Genuine suicides: Clear cut attempt to take ones life
  • Fake suicides: Those who commit suicidal gestures don't intend to die
  • Para-suicides (majority): "behaviour which is a less deliberate suicide attempt but more than a suicidal gesture"

Model of suicide

  • Submissive: Certain about themselves and not happy about it. They see no future
  • Thanatation: Uncertain about themselves and see suicide as a form of risk taking
  • Sacrifice: Certain about other people and know they have to kill themselves
  • Appeal: Uncertain about others and doubt their importance to others 
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