Sugar

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  • Created by: Sarah
  • Created on: 26-03-14 17:22

Sugar

Sugar comes from sugar beet or sugar cane.

The sugar is extracted, refined and crystallised into a variety of white and brown forms. 

All varieties of sugar provide around the same amount of energy: 393 kcal per 100g.

Sugar is 99.9% pure sugar so it is valuable for providing energy. 

- Sugars are simple carbohydrates. This means food/drink products with a high sugar content release energy fast.

- Sugars are good for diabetics who have a low blood sugar level as they give a burst of energy. (This prevents hypoglycemia).

However, too much sugar can lead to dental decay, obesity and diabetes.

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Types of sugar

REFINED WHITE SUGARS:
SUGAR CUBES
ICING SUGAR
CASTER SUGAR
GRANULATED SUGAR

PARTIALLY REFINED SUGARS:
DEMERARA.
- Demerara gives food products like sticky toffee pudding and flapjacks a caramalised taste.

UNREFINED SUGARS:
SOFT BROWN SUGAR 

SYRUP AND TREACLE:
GOLDEN SYRUP
- Golden syrup is commonly used in recipes such as flapjacks
TREACLE
- Treacle is used and can be found in dark, rich and moist puddings. 

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USES OF SUGAR

Aeration
- Cake & meringues

Coating
- Can be used to make fondant icing to cover or decorate cake
- Glazing on doughnuts
- Hot-cross buns 

Colour
Gelling
Moisture retention

Preservation 
- Jam, chutney 

Stabilising 

You can spin sugar to make crystalised sweets: Candyfloss for example.
Sweeten food. 

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