Sugar comes from sugar beet or sugar cane.
The sugar is extracted, refined and crystallised into a variety of white and brown forms.
All varieties of sugar provide around the same amount of energy: 393 kcal per 100g.
Sugar is 99.9% pure sugar so it is valuable for providing energy.
- Sugars are simple carbohydrates. This means food/drink products with a high sugar content release energy fast.
- Sugars are good for diabetics who have a low blood sugar level as they give a burst of energy. (This prevents hypoglycemia).
However, too much sugar can lead to dental decay, obesity and diabetes.
Types of sugar
REFINED WHITE SUGARS:
PARTIALLY REFINED SUGARS:
- Demerara gives food products like sticky toffee pudding and flapjacks a caramalised taste.
SOFT BROWN SUGAR
SYRUP AND TREACLE:
- Golden syrup is commonly used in recipes such as flapjacks
- Treacle is used and can be found in dark, rich and moist puddings.
USES OF SUGAR
- Cake & meringues
- Can be used to make fondant icing to cover or decorate cake
- Glazing on doughnuts
- Hot-cross buns
- Jam, chutney
You can spin sugar to make crystalised sweets: Candyfloss for example.