Subterranean values

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  • Created by: lottiem98
  • Created on: 21-06-16 10:24

Matza: Techniques of neutralisation

  • Method of justifying deviant ways 

1. DENIAL OF RESPONSIBILITY 

2.DENIAL OF INJURY

3.DENIAL OF VICTIM

4.CONDEMNATION OF CONDEMERS

5.APPEAL TO HIGHER LOYALTIES 

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Nightingdale (1993): Paradox of inclusion

  • Study of black youths in inner city Philadelphia 
  • Subcultures results from desire to join rather than reject mainstream values
  • Black children avidly consume US culture through TV and Media but are yet excluded economically, racially and politically
  • Response is to overcompensate by identifying themselves with wider culture through high status, trade names and logo
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Postmodernity: Katz

Katz (1988)

  • 'Seduction of crime'
  • Males are drawn into crime as it is exciting and thrilling
  • No other reasons so studying into subcultures
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Postmodernity: Lyng

  • Lyng (1990)
  • 'Edgework'
  • Looked at males aged 13-25 
  • simply engaging into risky behaviours is part of everyday life 
  • Males often go to the boundries and flirt with danger
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Postmodernity:Maffesoli

  • Maffesoli (1996)
  • Neo tribes
  • We cannot think of subcultures as simply shared values 
  • Neo-tribes are more reflective of a postmodern society 
  • Based of fluidity, occasional gatherings and dispersal as well as open and changing lifestyles
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