studying society

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what is the definition of the word power?

Having power means to be able to get what you want to get despite any opposition.

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what is the definition off social control?

Havig social control means to have ways of making sure that people behave well in society.

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what is the difference between a culture and subcu

A culture is a group of people who share the same norms, values and beliefs, whereas subculture is where a smaller group of people share norms, values and beliefs that are different from their main culture.

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what is the definition of socialization?

The word socialization means the process of learning the norms,values and beliefs of a society.

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what is a sample?

A sample is a selection os the population that is selected to take part in research.

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what is a stratified sample and what are the stren

A stratified sample is when you pick people from different groups in the population. 

  • The strengths of this type of sample is that it gives the point of view of different groups in society.
  • The weaknesses of this type of sample is that it is a more time consuming way of taking a sample than other sampling methods.
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what is a random sample and what are the strengths

A random sample is when you pick random name out of a hat (or something like the lottery).

  • The strengths of random sampling is that everyone stands an equal chance of being selected because the names are randomly picked and everyones name is involved.
  • The weaknesses of random sampling is that the sample could turn out to be all of the same sort of people and so it would not be representative of the population.
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what is quota sampling and what are the strengths

Quota sampling is when the researcher picks participants until they have the amount of people that they need.

  • The strengths of quota sampling is that it is a quick and easy way of selecting the right people for the research.
  • The weaknesses of quota sampling is that it is likely to be biased because the researcher is the one who is picking the participants.
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what is systematic sampling an what are the streng

systematic sampling is when the researcher uses a system to pick the amount of participants needed (eg. every 10th person on the register).

  • The strengths of systematic sampling is that the particpants would be a cross- section of the population so will be representative.
  • The weaknesses of systematic sampling is that only the people that rae on the register stand a chance of being selected. 
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What is snowball sampling and what are the strengt

Snowballm smapling is when you pick one person to do a sample and you ask them to put you out to sample other people.

  • The strengths of snowball sampling is that it is useful for contacting herd to reach groups.
  • The weaknesses of snowball sampling is that it is very time consuming so only small samples can be taken at a time.
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What are ethics and what are the main ethical issu

Ethics are morals.

The main ethical issues are:

  • Getting informes concent 
  • Debrief perticipants after the research
  • Do not harm or distress the participants
  • Give the participants the chance to withdraw
  • maintain confidentiality
  • keep the research anonymous
  • Do not decieve the participants.
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What is primary research and what are the strength

Primary research is when the researcher goes and collects the data themselves.

  • The strengths of primary research is that the information is 'first hand' and so is more likely to be accurate and the information is more likely to be relevant
  • The weaknesses of Primary research is that it can be very time consuming and expensive also it is very difficult to collect a lot of information at one time.
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what are the different primary research methods?

The different primary rsearch methds are:

  • Questionnaires: A set of written questions that are completed by the respondent. 
  • interviews: A one to one discussion with the respondent.
  • observations: Watching participants to seee what their behaviour is like.
  • experiments: situations designed to test the participants.
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