Stress

Stress

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Friedman and Rosenman (1959)

Aim: to find a link between certain behaviour patterns and coronary heart disease

Sample group a- 83 men- intense sustained drive, strong competive attitude and likes doing lots of things at once, desire for recognition and promotion, rishing physcial and mental tasks and extrondioanry alertness - identified by collegues and all agreed to take part,group B- 83 men- match group a in age and physical chracterisitcs but opposites in beahviours, group c-46- unemplyed blind men- visual impariement lack of drive and ambition but would feel insecure and anxiety

Method:-personal interview about lifestyles and health history,survey of dietary and alcohol ingestion, cardiovascular survey looking for medial implications.

Results- Group a worked more hours a week, more active, no difference in food intake a and b but c ate more- group a smoked more cigerettes, control c drank less alchonol then other groups and group a had a history of cornoary heart disease.

Conclusions:Men displaying certain behaviour patterns are more likely to contract conranry heat disease. Some possiable confounding variables, personlity traits

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Kanner(1981)

aim:To see whether the daily hassles and uplifts major life events

Sample: 100 52 women and 48 men-white, welleducated - population 7000 alameda country usa

Method;assessed once a month for ten consecutive months using- daily hassles, life events, hopkins symptoms checklist and bradborn morale scale

Results: Hassesl scales was a better predictor of pscyhological symptoms then life events. uplifts score morepostivitly relatedto symptoms for women not men

Conclusions:Daily hassles are more vail way of measruing stress thenlife events. Daily uplifts may be useful in measuring stress in women and not men.

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Clark (1999)

Aim: To test the effectivenessof a breifer,more cost effective cognition treatment program for panic disorder.

Sample:patinents with panic disorder refered to gps or psychologists in oxfordshire. check satisfied cirteria for panic disorder- 3 pansic attacksfor 3weeks, free from other disorders,notrecieved CbT FOR PAIN,willing to be allocated to random groups.42 patients.

Method:FCT 12 one hour sessions over three months and BCT five one hour threemonths and controlputting on a waitinglist and then randonly assigned after 3months

Module 1- painic attacks and regonise symptoms,module 2- Worst fears about feeling expirenced in panis attacks and help find explantions for bodily sensations,Module 3- Safty behaviours which prevent cognition change and understand own saefy behaviours, Module 4- Beahvioural experiments to find a range of measure by independent asseser did not know treatment- double blind design

Results: FCT and BCT did better there was no differences between groups Conclusions- CBT is an effective method ofcontrolling stress, It takeslessthe amounts of therapists timeand self-studymodules so is more effective than a fulltime treatment plan

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