Stratification and Inequality


Social Inequality

Social Inequality refers to the uneven distribution of;

  • Resources such as power and money
  • Opportunities related to education, employment and health

In other words, it describes how some people may have more than others which might be a result of their social class, gender, ethnicity and age.

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Measuring Social Class - Register Generals Social

Register Generals Social Class Scales

Based on; 

  • Income, lifestyles, status, life chances and education
  • Long term unemployed and sick


  • Covers 100's of occupations
  • Simple way of measure


  • Upper class is missing
  • Many couples work in different classes
  • Foucuses on head of the house
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Measuring Social Class - New Occupational Scale

Based On

  • The general standing in the community of occupations concerned


  • Include some of the 60% who don't have jobs
  • New category


  • Wealth and rich are missed out
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Social Classes

  • Upper class
  • Upper middle class
  • Middle class
  • Lower middle class
  • Upper working class
  • Working class
  • Under class
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Life Chances

Life chances refers to peoples chances of achieving positive or negative outcomes in their lives. This can relate to;

  • Wealth
  • Income
  • Power
  • Status
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Social Stratification

Social sstratofcation refers to the way society is structured in a hierarchy of uneven layers.

  • The higher up you are, the more wealth, power, income and status you have.
  • The lower down you are, the less wealth, power, income and status you have.
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