A mnemonic is any structured technique that is used to help people remember and recall information.
There are 4 types of memory improvement verbally.
- Acronym: A word or sentence is formed from the initial letters of other words. For example, Roy G. Biv is used to remember the colours of the rainbow. (Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet)
- Acrostic: Poem or sentence where the first ltter in each line or word forms the item to be remembered.
- Rhymes: groups of words with an identity and rhythm.
- Chunking: Dividing a long string of information into memorable chunks.
Visual imagery mnemonics
Some mnemonic techniques use visual imges.
Method of Loci:
This is a mnemonic device or technique in which a person visualizes the items they're trying to learn in different spatial locations. To do this, the person associates the items with landmarks in some familiar place, which helps them recall the items later.
Spider diagrams and mind maps:
These involve making notes of information in the form of a drawing usually a branching pattern, with the main topic in the centre and compinent elements/ideas radiating outwards. Small skecthes/doodles can be added, as well as colours. Each page of notes there for has a unique, distinctive visual appearance whereas pages of ordinary/linear notes all look very similar. This process, which adds a range of visual cues to the verbal material, has also been called 'mind mapping'.
Explain how mnemonics technique work
The role of organisation
By organising data we establish links that help recall. Word associations and visual images create links or associations. Mnemonic techniques accelerate the process by actively linking the new information with 'memory hooks'. Organisation also refers to literally purring items in order, such as writing notes in a clear hierachy.
The role of elaborative rehearsal
Memory research has shown that enduring memories are created through the process of elaboration. Mnemonic techniques make us elaborate the information to be remembered, for example when creating a mindmap ir devoloping the method of loci.
The amount of rehearsal is important but the nature of rehearsal is more important.