17 year old from Tournai in France. One of the Pretenders, claimed to be Richard of York youngest son of Edward IV. Died in 1499.
Treaty of Medina Del Campo
marriage of Arthur to Catherine Of Aragon
Spain promised : Large Dowry, Not to help English rebels, Help England recover Normandy and Aquitaine, Aid England should it be at war with France
England Promised : Aid spain should it be at war with France, Help spain recover Cerdagne and Rousillon.
A centre of royal finance handling an annual turn over of £100,000. Changed because exchequer was too slow and had poor income. In charge of all sources of income except accounts of sheriffs and custom duties. Money went to Chamer for quick expenditures.
The crowns financial administrator. Changed when chamber brought in- responsible for custom duties and accounts of sheriffs.
Advice to the king, members usually had other roles, was a socail status to some nobelmen. Internal affairs, defending realm, royal finances, court.
Battle of Bosworth
Rhys Ap Thomas
Let Henry Tudor pass through west coast of England and joined him.
Lord Thomas Stanly
In privy council, Husband to Henry's mother, helps Henry escape Richard. gives troops at Bosworth joining Henry at the last moment.
Duke of Buckingham helps Richard seize the princes, leads rebellion of buckingham
John Morton, Bishop of Ely
Takes Message from Lord Stanly to Henry tudor avoiding house arrest.
Duke of Norfolk
Leads first army for richard at bosworth
Earl of Oxford
Leads Henry's army at bosworth
Brother of Richard became king in 1461 married elizabeth woodville died april 9th 1483 2 sons Edward + richard
Was duke of glouchester before becoming king accompanied Edward IV in exile, on throne for 2 years supposidly killed two princes. Userped the throne
Francis DUke of Brittany
Helped Henry Tudor escape house arrest- let henry's followers go to flee to french
periods of ill
Wife of Edward IV was lower nobillity so upset nobles
Elizabeth of York
Married Henry tudor settled war of the roses
Richards Noble Rulers
Sir Richard Ratcliffe - rules south richards personal advisor
William Catesby - rules south loyal to richard
Lord lovell- rules south
1498 upset with taxes for war, 100,000 adked 27,000 collected Henry percy killed, Rebels march to York. Earl of surrey defeats them - henry gives Surrey control of north, leaders killed rest pardoned. Rebellion means not enough money for brittany.
The Great council
different to privy council religious group called at kings request, had representatives from towns, used in emergencies - beg henry to come back from France. Can start decisions which moves to parliament
Pro Camera Stella
act of parliament 1487 internal security, law and order
Bonds And recognisances
bond - upfront payment or a promise to pay deriving from the privy coucil
Recog - either up front or promise to pay using legal system
Used to control nobility and a good source of income
The enployment of private armies or group of supporters- useful to allow nobles to defend you but can get over mightly subjects laws passed in 1487 and 1504 against it. ilelgal to retain household officers or royal tenants
Desiderius Erasmius, belived all born sinless not original sin, going to church doesnt make you less sinful, John collet leading Humanist, looked at original bible texts, didnt say church was wrong just challenged some theories
Treaty of Etaples
1492 aimed to stop french support to perkin warbeck renewed 1510
A group of nations for anti french 1496
Henry VIII personal advisor, organised majority of foreign policy waslegastus a latere papal legate bishop of tournai and lincoln arch bishop of york lost his power after failing to get an anulment for henry with catherine of aragon
Jan 1497 taxes Audley as leader, march to LOndon 15,000 rebels 16th june battle at Blackheath- rebels easily defeated 1000 die audley beheaded Flamank hung Warbeck lands hoping for support - fails and captured.
Prentender claim to be Earl of warwick - lead by Richard Symonds - army battled king henrys 1487 lost
Lovells and Staffords
1485-86 Yorkist supporters were in sanctuary after bosworth tried to kill henry
Henry VII income
Ordinary - one alery he gets every year -land owned by king, few close relatives (less to give out), doesnt create many new nobles, 1486 act of resumption-from 1455 all lands given away by kings belong to henry
extraordinary one off payments on top of wages Fudal dues
scutage - payment to the king instead of soldiers from nobles wardship