Stalin wanted to press forward the idea of rapid industrialization, but there was a problem. How was Stalin to afford this ? Stalin decided that he would take money from : Nepmen who were peasants who had benefited under the NEP, Stalin was to take money from them. Also Stalin was to take land off the peasants and force them to work on these farms. The money from the collective farms was to go to help create the building factories, and machinery which would be used on the collective farms.
Why Collectivisation ??
There was many reasons why Stalin wanted to launch rapid industrilisation. First reason was that Stalin feared foreign invasion this is shown in his quote ' we are 100 years behing the time, either we make good this lag in 10 or they will crush us'.
Stalin also belived that by doing this , it is the way forward and to the ideological socialist country that he felt he wanted so badly. This was also achived by getting rid of the NEP.
Stalin was to do this by setting the 5 year plans. Only 2 were achived , due to the world war breaking out during the 3rd.
It was estimates that during the 1st 5 year plan the production was expected to have increaased by 200% but this didnt happen. Stalin blamed the kulaks for this as he said that they were keeping all the surplus grain behind for profit for themselves instead of him, as rthey rejected collectivisation. However the kulaks were only accountable for 4% of the peasent population. Stalin targetted these as well as peasents who were a slightly bit better off. These kulaks , including ex - kulaks were sent to the gulag prision camps and most were shot or even deported to diffrent areas depending on the charge.
After the uncalled for punishment to the kulaks Stalin released his 'Dizzee with success speach' which stated that his officers had gone to far with the arrests of the kulaks and that he is dealing with the matter.
This was due to the amount of kulak ressistance that was happening, many kulaks instead of handing over their crops and animals simply decided to burn, kill and distroy every thing they owned which included equiptment. This had a devistating effect on the party as the amount of crops didn't recover until late in the 1930's and the amount of animals only got back to pre-collectivisation numbers in the 1950's.
The famine was estimated to have killed between 5 and 10 million people between the years of 1931 and 1933. The famine was due to the a terrible harvest, and the party still deporting grain to get money for collectivisation.
The famine ended in the 1933, when there was finally a good harvest.