stages of language development

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pre-linguistic sounds

Cooing stage:

  • 0-1 month 
    • eat, sleep, cry
  • 1-4 months 
    • intonational patterns

Babbaling stage:

  • 5-12 months
    • making sounds in a certian enviroment
    • internal behaviours
  • 6-9 months
    • different select sounds 
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Holophrastic stage

1 YEAR

  • emergence of first word
    • sounds relate to meanings
      • own action or desire action
      • sounds convey meanings 
      • use of nouns
      • one word sentances

'Fis' phomonon

  • perception of phonemes occurs earlier than the ability to produce those phonemes
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two word stage

2 YEARS

  • 2 words, different combonation of word order
  • Three interpretations
    • subject-verb (Molly go)
    • verb-modifier (push truck)
    • possesor-possesion (mummy sock)
  • words lack morphological and syntactical markers
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telegraphic stage

Telegraphic stage

  • 2-5 word sentances
  • morthological overextension
    • use of simple prepositions 
    • inflectional morphemes appear
    • more complex syntax 

Post-telegraphic stage

  • 36 months onwards
    • Sentences with multiple clauses and grammar used in more complex ways, can sustain conversation
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