Sport, Leisure and Tourism; TOURISM notes

I noticed the site didn't have any notes on this section, so here are my own! 

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: noor
  • Created on: 02-05-13 17:28

Places To Go

  • Bank Holiday Act (1871) gave an extra 6 days off to the working class. 
  • Paid holidays began to develop; railway companies gave a week off after 5 years service.

Traditional Seaside Resorts

Rich classes

  • Visited Margate or Southport
  • Stayed in hotels like The Imperial or The Grand

Poor Classes

  • Visited Blackpool or Southend
  • Stayed in boarding houses offering rooms and attendance. Landladies would cook food if it was bought by the families.
1 of 8

Places To Go (2)

Day Excursions

  • Poorer classes went to clubs/ chapel events which organised daytrips by train.
  • The South Welsh went to Barry ISland and Somerset by steamboat.

Holidays Abroad

  • Higher classes visited "Hove" and "Torquay" resorts on the South of England (£25 a week)
  • Train service through Europe; Switzerland/Monte Carlo were popular
  • European Tour was considered essential for rich, young people done with schooling.
2 of 8



  • Victorian/Edwardian; people wore suits&hats or long dresses and carried parasoles. Up till the 20th century seasides forbade costumes not covering from neck to knees
  • Bathing machines were pulled into the water so occupants could descend quickly into the sea. Dippers helped to persuade them out. Men and women preserved their modesty.


  • Rail development meant seasides were open to daytrippers (Southend Railway, 1858) 
  • Charabanc organised for working class
  • Car (1910) specifically for higher classses


  • Bathing 
  • Slot Machines
  • Punch and Judy
  • Piers (Southend had the world's longest pier of 1.5 miles)
3 of 8

Holiday patterns in 1920s/30s: Time Off, Transport

Time off and holiday pay

  • Early 1920s; holidays with pay introduced
  • 1938; govt act meant all workers got paid holidays.
  • 1939; 5 million workers had paid holidays.

Charabancs and private cars

  • Charabancs went to more remote regions than the railways, such as the Llyn Peninsula
  • 1939; 2 million cares bought. However, only 1/8 families had a car.

Changes at the seaside

  • Holidaymakers stayed in bed and breakfasts strictly run by landladies.
  • New attractions such as ice rinks/open air pools (First lido opened in Blackpool, 1923). Health and fitness classes and beauty contests.
  • Tourist industry grew; fish and chip shops, fairgrounds, souvenir shops
  • Sunbathing was encouraged. Chemists sold suntan cream.
  • Bathing costumes began to show arms and legs. Rubber caps were fashionable.
4 of 8

Holiday patterns in 1920s/30s: Hiking and Holiday


  • 1939; countryside hiking all over the UK. The Youth Hostel Association provided tourists' needs. 300+ hostels charged 1 shilling a night.

Holiday Camps - MOST IMPORTANT

  • 1936; Billy Butlin opened the first holiday camp at Skegness. Cheap costs including meals, activities and entertainment.
  • Popular with families; more relaxed than hotels and guesthouses.
  • 1939; 200 holiday camps in Wales and England. Half a million had been to a holiday camp.
5 of 8

British Holiday Post WW2: Key Reasons and Caravans

Key Reasons For Growth in Holidays:

  • Relief after war
  • Better road transport
  • Growth of Holiday Camps
  • More people entitled to paid holidays


  • This used to be for the well off; however, soon 1/4 British holidaymakers had been caravaning.
  • Cheap source of a holiday; however, people had to pay extra for weekly facility membership such as pools and club bars.
  • Caravaning only became popular due to the increased availability of cars.
6 of 8

British Holiday Post WW2: Holiday Camps and Motor

Holiday Camps

  • Leftover army camps were turned into holiday camps.
  • 1946; Fred Pontin created his first holiday camp at Brean Sands near Somerset. 
  • 1949; 6 Pontins camps in England
  • Butlins in Minehead had monorail; a modern transport for the 60's.
  • Magazines encouraged people to book earlier but most still holidayed in July-August
  • 1950s - Golden Age of Holiday Camps

Motor cars

  • 1939; 2.5 million cars registered in the UK
  • 1963; figure trebled to 7.5 million. 1/4 families owned a car.
  • Early 1960s; Beaching Axe meant several railway closures. More people wanted to travel by car but bottleneck roads stopped this.
  • Roadside businesses successful
  • Seaside resorts catered for people in cars,
  • Motels: new form of accomodation
7 of 8

Changing Holiday Patterns since 1960s: The Fall an

Airlines and Package Holidays

  • Meditteranean offered guaranteed sun; Britain did not
  • 1970s; mass tourism established, so all classes could go abroad.
  • Package holidays introduced. Price included both airfare and accomodation.
  • Fred Pontin was also responsible for the craze; Pontins offered a two week holiday with flights , accomodation, food, drink, entertainment and sun for less than £50 a head.
  • Foreign travel had a great cultural impact; clothing, cooking and souvenirs changed. 

Britain Fights Back

  • traditional resorts were made more modern and continental.
  • Center Parcs created indoor water complexes to attract holidaymakers instead of competing with the sun
  • Seaside resorts built inside leisure complexes and cleaned up their beaches
  • First theme park: Thrope PArk, 1969. Provided thrills and excitement.
  • Historical attractions such as open air museums
  • Countryside; nature trails set up, farmers offering bed and breakfasts.
8 of 8





I have my exam on Monday, I found this very helpful thank you very much!


These notes were really useful, thanks for posting them up

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »