Places To Go
- Bank Holiday Act (1871) gave an extra 6 days off to the working class.
- Paid holidays began to develop; railway companies gave a week off after 5 years service.
Traditional Seaside Resorts
- Visited Margate or Southport
- Stayed in hotels like The Imperial or The Grand
- Visited Blackpool or Southend
- Stayed in boarding houses offering rooms and attendance. Landladies would cook food if it was bought by the families.
Places To Go (2)
- Poorer classes went to clubs/ chapel events which organised daytrips by train.
- The South Welsh went to Barry ISland and Somerset by steamboat.
- Higher classes visited "Hove" and "Torquay" resorts on the South of England (£25 a week)
- Train service through Europe; Switzerland/Monte Carlo were popular
- European Tour was considered essential for rich, young people done with schooling.
- Victorian/Edwardian; people wore suits&hats or long dresses and carried parasoles. Up till the 20th century seasides forbade costumes not covering from neck to knees
- Bathing machines were pulled into the water so occupants could descend quickly into the sea. Dippers helped to persuade them out. Men and women preserved their modesty.
- Rail development meant seasides were open to daytrippers (Southend Railway, 1858)
- Charabanc organised for working class
- Car (1910) specifically for higher classses
- Slot Machines
- Punch and Judy
- Piers (Southend had the world's longest pier of 1.5 miles)
Holiday patterns in 1920s/30s: Time Off, Transport
Time off and holiday pay
- Early 1920s; holidays with pay introduced
- 1938; govt act meant all workers got paid holidays.
- 1939; 5 million workers had paid holidays.
Charabancs and private cars
- Charabancs went to more remote regions than the railways, such as the Llyn Peninsula
- 1939; 2 million cares bought. However, only 1/8 families had a car.
Changes at the seaside
- Holidaymakers stayed in bed and breakfasts strictly run by landladies.
- New attractions such as ice rinks/open air pools (First lido opened in Blackpool, 1923). Health and fitness classes and beauty contests.
- Tourist industry grew; fish and chip shops, fairgrounds, souvenir shops
- Sunbathing was encouraged. Chemists sold suntan cream.
- Bathing costumes began to show arms and legs. Rubber caps were fashionable.
Holiday patterns in 1920s/30s: Hiking and Holiday
- 1939; countryside hiking all over the UK. The Youth Hostel Association provided tourists' needs. 300+ hostels charged 1 shilling a night.
Holiday Camps - MOST IMPORTANT
- 1936; Billy Butlin opened the first holiday camp at Skegness. Cheap costs including meals, activities and entertainment.
- Popular with families; more relaxed than hotels and guesthouses.
- 1939; 200 holiday camps in Wales and England. Half a million had been to a holiday camp.
British Holiday Post WW2: Key Reasons and Caravans
Key Reasons For Growth in Holidays:
- Relief after war
- Better road transport
- Growth of Holiday Camps
- More people entitled to paid holidays
- This used to be for the well off; however, soon 1/4 British holidaymakers had been caravaning.
- Cheap source of a holiday; however, people had to pay extra for weekly facility membership such as pools and club bars.
- Caravaning only became popular due to the increased availability of cars.
British Holiday Post WW2: Holiday Camps and Motor
- Leftover army camps were turned into holiday camps.
- 1946; Fred Pontin created his first holiday camp at Brean Sands near Somerset.
- 1949; 6 Pontins camps in England
- Butlins in Minehead had monorail; a modern transport for the 60's.
- Magazines encouraged people to book earlier but most still holidayed in July-August
- 1950s - Golden Age of Holiday Camps
- 1939; 2.5 million cars registered in the UK
- 1963; figure trebled to 7.5 million. 1/4 families owned a car.
- Early 1960s; Beaching Axe meant several railway closures. More people wanted to travel by car but bottleneck roads stopped this.
- Roadside businesses successful
- Seaside resorts catered for people in cars,
- Motels: new form of accomodation
Changing Holiday Patterns since 1960s: The Fall an
Airlines and Package Holidays
- Meditteranean offered guaranteed sun; Britain did not
- 1970s; mass tourism established, so all classes could go abroad.
- Package holidays introduced. Price included both airfare and accomodation.
- Fred Pontin was also responsible for the craze; Pontins offered a two week holiday with flights , accomodation, food, drink, entertainment and sun for less than £50 a head.
- Foreign travel had a great cultural impact; clothing, cooking and souvenirs changed.
Britain Fights Back
- traditional resorts were made more modern and continental.
- Center Parcs created indoor water complexes to attract holidaymakers instead of competing with the sun
- Seaside resorts built inside leisure complexes and cleaned up their beaches
- First theme park: Thrope PArk, 1969. Provided thrills and excitement.
- Historical attractions such as open air museums
- Countryside; nature trails set up, farmers offering bed and breakfasts.