to his coy mistress
To His Coy Mistress
the persona is telling the woman he loves that she shouldn't play hard to get and expect to be flattered and presented with gifts, as there isn't time. He says they should enjoy each other whilst they are young and attractive, he tries multiple arguements to pasude her, this could connote two things; he even doesn't know her well enough to know how to pasude her effectively, or he is desperate and struggling to comprehend her perspective
- FORM- this poem has a first person narrative, this makes it clear that this is a direct appeal to the coy mistress in the title. It's made up of rhyming which makes it well constucted and witty
- STRUCTURE- The first stanza explains that he would wish to spend foever wooing her, the second that he can't because they wont live forever, the third stanza suggests they should grab their pleasures whilst they can. This follows the traditional structure for arguements;if A, but B,therefore C
- HYPERBOLE- he mocks his mistresses romantic ideas of love, his sense of fustration is begining to show through the use of hyperbole
- LANGUAGE ABOUT DEATH- he reminds his mistress that time is passing, he moves his arguement on saying one day they will both be dead
AGRESSIVE LANGUAGE- as the poem progresses he becomes more direct in expressing his desire for her. He uses passionate and violent imagery.
feelings and attitudes in the poem
- IMPATIENCE- he doesn't want to have a long courtship of her
- URGENCY- time is moving on, he feels they need to live in the present
RELUCTANCE- from the increasing fustration he shows it appears that she's unwilling to have sex with him.
COMPARE TO 'SONNET 116' OR 'SONNET 43' IF QUESTION IS TO DO WITH TIME OR DEATH. IF THE QUESTION IS TO DO WITH PASSION THE ROLE OF PHYSICAL PASSION IS EXPLORED IN 'HOUR' AND 'IN PARIS WITH YOU'.
'conversion of the jews' - something that will never happen
'the flood' reference to old testement adds religous lexis and exaggerates the time scale emphasizing his sarcasm
focuses on physical attributes
'deserts of vast eternity' - contrasts vastness and nothingness of death with how breif yet full of oppitunity life is
'like amorous birds of prey'- simile draws attention to the power and passion of these creatures to emphasize his immediate satisfaction
'time's winged chariot hurrying near'- metaphor from greek mythology, the sun god rides his chariot across the sky, shows passing of time.
ANDREW MARVELL= is know as a metaphysical poet, as he wrote about philisophical subjects