Sociology - Youth Culture

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 17-04-13 21:12


Researched by Clarke (1976)

  • Wore an exaggerated version of traditional working class clothes
  • This applied to both male and females
  • Cropped hair, braces, half-mast jeans, Doc Marten boots
  • Drug preference was alcohol
  • Clothes represented both a caricature and a reassertion of solid male, working class toughness and values
  • Response to a decline in working class inner-city communities during the late 1960's and early 1970's
  • Threatened by the decline in large scale manufacturing and dock work
  • Attempted to deal with large scale immigration into these areas by poorer Asians - particularly those from Pakistan
  • They were racist in their outlook
  • Tried to reclaim the territory they had "lost" through immigration - football violence allowed them to gain the 'ownership' of the club and the ground around it
1 of 6


Researched by Brake (1980)

  • Mainly middle-class families
  • Some were from working-class families
  • Popular subculture for university students
  • Rejected consumer culture - found it offensive
  • Against the conservative attitudes of their parents
  • They were keen to preserve the environment
  • Many were vegetarians
  • Many were also anti-war - particularly the Vietnam War
  • Anti-nuclear weapons
  • Associated with hallucinatory drugs - LSD
  • 1967 Summer of Love - not violent
  • Argued for a change in the way in which people thought
2 of 6

New Romantics

Research by Rimmer (2003)

  • Started in late 1970's and early 1980's
  • Tended to be more middle class
  • Were seen as anti-punk
  • The music they followed was seen as manufactured rather than 'raw' like Punk Rock
  • Seen as more establishment than anti-establishment 
  • Thought of as stylish, polished and chart orientated
  • Began in the early 1980's - musical tastes included Spandau Ballet
  • They came to the fore because Punk Rock was losing its ability to shock and make the news
  • The media needed something on youth to focus on. They realised that they needed youth culture to sell newspapers, magazines and keep TV ratings up.
  • Ted Polhemus' "Streetstyle": "What was needed was a predominantly white, zany but politically inoffensive, flamboyant, overdressed style-tribe which would provoke wry chuckles of disbelief rather than serious concern"
3 of 6

Punk Rockers

Researched by Frith (1978) Brake (1980)

  • Claimed to be anarchists - meaning 'without rules'
  • Outrageous style of dress - ripped trousers, zips, hairstyle, safety pins
  • Making a statement targeted at the ruling elite
  • Emphasised their anti-establishment ideas
  • Responded to the dominance of the media, fashion and music industries e.g. boy bands
  • Frith suggests they were mostly working-class
  • Brake suggests that they crossed the class divide and were also lower middle class
  • Wanted to make a social and a political statement
  • Reacted against the social environment of the late 1970's -high unemployment/low wages
  • It was 'dole queue' rock-followed by young people claiming unemployment benefits
  • Wanted to shock
4 of 6

Teddy Boys

Research by Jefferson (1976)

  • Relatively well off - earned high wages
  • Working class families - disposable income
  • Wore Edwardian style suits
  • Adopted an exaggerated middle class style of dress - allowed them to express their changing social situation
  • Showed an interest in style and fashion
  • If insulted became aggressive and violent
  • The girls wore skirts and outfits adopted from the American Rock and Roll culture
5 of 6


Researched by Hodkinson (2002)

  • Originated from punk and called Positive Punks and Posi-Punks
  • Started in the early 1980's
  • Formed from disaffected Punks and New Romantics
  • These were seen to have become commercialised
  • Joy Division, Bauhaus, and Killing Jake were the bands of choice
  • The Bat Cave Club opened in London and gave them somewhere to focus their musical tastes and style
  • Eventually moved around the country as the Bat-Cave went on tour
  • The main influences for style and fashion were probably Bauhaus, Siouxsie and the Cure and the Bate-Cave
  • Ian Astbury of the band The Southern Death Cult and The Cult said that: "It came more from glam than from any kind of grave robbing. It was just a reaction against the New Romantics, because they were just so posey and shallow"
  • There was also a flirtation with pre-Nazi decadence, that sultry, smokey period from late '20's Berlin that was very androgynous
6 of 6


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Youth Culture resources »