Sociology Unit 1 - Ethnicity Studies

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  • Created by: Erin_M
  • Created on: 29-04-14 21:55

Gilroy - Black Expressive Cultures

  • Contributions black people have made to mainstream popular culture - dance, music, dress
  • No single black identity/culture
  • Common themes run through all black culture - awareness of historical experience of slavery.
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Hewitt - Invisible Culture

  • White culture
  • Felt unfairness - every culture celebrated but their own
  • Need ways to allow whites to be proud of their own cultural traditons
  • In a way that is not in a racist manner and doesnt exclude people from other ethnic minorities
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Alexander - The Art of Being Black

  • Many different ways of being black
  • 'symbolic markers' of being black
  • certain styles of dress, music, walking, talking to make them instantely recongisable as black
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Les Back - Hybrid Identites

  •  Great deal of freedom and can construct new identities
  • Cultures - not fixed tradition
  • Want to try new 'cultural masks', new roles, different styles
  • lots of inter-racial friendships and cultural borrowing
  • bring black and whites closer together
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Drury - Family

  • 1/5th Asian girls secretly dating boys
  • dating disaproved by older Asian generation
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Anwar - Family

  • family = site of conflict between Asian parents and their children
  • children mix with others who have different values
  • parents see these values as alien

conflict of western clothes, arranged marraiges and question of freedom

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Modood - Ethnic Identities as Resistance

  • Afro-Carribean's
  • skin colour = important source of identity
  • black identity celebrated as a response to racial exclusion and stereotyping by whites
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Gilroy - Ethnic Identities as Resistance

  • Afro-Caribbean's
  • adopt identies based on ethnic history/popular culture to challenge exclusion
  • gangster rap = symbolize feelings of white oppression.
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Ballard - Cultural Navigation

  • conflict between asian parents and children is exaggerated
  • all teenagers have conflict with parents
  • can navigate between asian and mainstream culture easily
  • handle two cultures without many problems
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Sewell - Peers

  • peer pressure increased influence on shaping identiy
  • triple quandary
  • feel don't fit into mainstream culture, feel rejected by it
  • anxious how they are percieved by black peers so position themselves in a positive way - highly masculine and deviant identity
  • aspects in identity from media - rapstars - imitating role models
  • acceptance from peers replaces rejection from fathers, education system, whites etc
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Ghuman - Education

  • mosque - main place for education and religious activities
  • influence way parents educate and rear children
  • want seperate schools (faith schools)
  • teachers want students to be critical
  • could potentially go against traditions especially view on arranged marriages
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Ghuman - Family

  • Values of Families
  • 1. - children brought up to be loyal and respect their elders, and be inter-dependant
  • 2. - choice of education left to parents
  • 3. - choice of marriage partner left to parents
  • 4. - religious training important as stressed humility rather than self pride and assertiveness
  • 5. - role of mother tongue - crucial to maintain links between generations
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